Tajikistan is part of a mountainous region on the borders of Afghanistan to the south and China to the east. This landlocked country, which is bounded north by Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, includes peaks rising to over 6,000 m/20,000 ft. These mountains carry snow all year round. However, because of the distance from the sea and the shelter of the Pamir and Himalayan ranges to the south and southeast, it is a rather dry region considering its height. Winters are cold but spring comes earlier than farther north. The tables for Alma Ata in Kazakhstan and Tashkent in Uzbekistan illustrate conditions in the valleys of this region.
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