Outside Syria, opponents of President Assad who want to see his regime gone have watched the Free Syrian Army take on the mantle of legitimate opposition - fighting in the streets and presenting itself as the voice of the people.
But there is now evidence of discontent in the population with those rebels - for example, in Aleppo, the country's second city, where the battle for control has been going on for months.
FSA fighters have been accused of theft, looting and kidnapping for ransom.
So an increasing number of Syrians opposed to the government of President Assad are turning instead to hard-line Islamists, in particular to the Al-Nusra Front - jihadists close to al Qaeda and named by the United States as a terrorist group.
The BBC's correspondent Paul Wood has been back to Aleppo and recorded an exclusive interview with one of the group's leaders.
"We used to live like kings," one man said, hungry and frustrated by the long wait for a local bakery to open.
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