A great swathe of California seems to be under the spell of the second great internet revolution and the combination of youth, endless optimism and the prospect of enormous riches has created a technological gold rush in the state.
At its heart is innovation - the modern day holy grail for policymakers and something that Silicon Valley and the surrounding area is thick with.
The BBC's North American correspondent Jonny Dymond drove forty minutes out of San Francisco, to one of the world's great research universities, Stanford, for a peak into the future of innovation.
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