President Barack Obama has been elected to a second term, defeating Republican challenger Mitt Romney.
America's first black president secured the 270 votes in the electoral college needed to win the race.
Talking to Today presenter James Naughtie in Washington DC, former White House spokesman PJ Crowley explained that a "divided government
will face some immediate challenges", naming the "fiscal cliff and the investigation of the Benghazi tragedy" as two of them.
Republican strategist Taylor Griffin added that there is a "common agreement now... [that] fiscal issues have to be dealt with".
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