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Page last updated at 06:20 GMT, Tuesday, 20 October 2009 07:20 UK
Today: Tuesday 20th October

PLEASE NOTE: We are unable to offer transcripts for our programme interviews. Today is broadcast live and the running order is subject to change.

Five senior prison managers face disciplinary charges after problematic inmates were moved between two jails ahead of inspections. And a group of former generals warns the armed forces' reputation is being tarnished by political "extremists" using their symbols.


Five senior prison managers are expected to be charged with serious disciplinary offences for moving problematic inmates during inspections to create a good impression. A report published by the Chief Inspector of Prisons, Dame Anne Owers, shows that some prisoners had been transferred to Pentonville from Wandsworth prison to mislead inspectors. Dame Anne explains the findings of her report and the charges facing the managers.


The battle between the Taliban and Pakistan army is continuing in South Waziristan. Masud Shah, former inspector-general of police in the north-west frontier province, examines the strategic and political importance of the outcome of the fighting.

Business news with Adam Shaw.


China has been experiencing a green revolution. The country, which is normally associated with pollution and dirty coal-fired power stations, has become the world's biggest producer of solar water heaters. In one key technology, electric batteries, it is attempting to become an international leader. Environment analyst Roger Harrabin reports on China's green tech boom.


Ambassadors have an important role maintaining diplomacy, calm, and sharing respectful views at all times. But they do have one chance to tell their superiors at home what they really do think about the country in which they serve, in the valedictory dispatch as they leave their post. Matthew Parris, presenter of Parting Shots, a new series for Radio 4, reveals some of the poignant, mischievous or on occasion downright rude, valedictory dispatches of former ambassadors.

Sports news with Garry Richardson.


Many banks have announced that they will be paying bonuses to their employees. This is despite being bailed out with billions of pounds of taxpayers money, and the Bank of England cutting interest rates to extraordinarily low levels to make it easier to be a borrow money. The government has responded by saying it will impose a windfall tax on bank profits. At 1981 Budget, the then chancellor Geoffrey Howe introduced a windfall tax. Chairman of the Treasury Select Committee, John McFall, and the former Royal Bank of Scotland chairman, Sir George Matthewson, discuss how a windfall tax would work and the effect it might have.

The paper review.


People have been remembering Sir Ludovic Kennedy, who died yesterday at the age of 89. Sir Ludovic was a pillar of broadcasting at the BBC and ITN from the 1950s onwards. A former BBC Panorama journalist, Sir Ludovic spent decades investigating miscarriages of justice, including the case of the Birmingham Six. His book on the Rillington Place murders was an important element in the eventual posthumous pardon for Timothy Evans and the abolition of capital punishment. Michael Cockerell, who worked with Ludovic Kennedy for many years, remembers his colleague and friend.

Thought for the day with The Right Reverend James Jones, Bishop of Liverpool.


The Independent Electoral Commission in Afghanistan is deciding whether to hold a presidential run-off. Investigations into fraud in Afghanistan's elections cut President Karzai's share of the vote from about 55% to 48%, below the threshold for an outright win. Peter Galbraith, former UN deputy special envoy to Afghanistan, discusses whether the Karzai government will accept a run-off and be prepared to share power.


Five senior prison managers are facing serious disciplinary charges after vulnerable inmates were transferred between two jails in London to manipulate inspections. The inmates were transferred between Pentonville and Wandsworth prisons for the duration of the inspections. Two prisoners at Wandsworth prison self-harmed as a consequence of the move. Phil Wheatley, director-general of the National Offender Management Service, examines the report impact on the reputation on England's prisons.


Freddie Spencer Chapman is one of the greatest unknown war heroes. Mr Chapman spent three years of World War II living behind enemy lines in Malaya, attacking Japanese soldiers. He took field notes on birds, and picked up seeds to send to Kew Gardens. Lord Mountbatten recommended Mr Chapman for a Victoria Cross, but without success. Brian Moynahan, former Sunday Times correspondent and author of Jungle Soldier: The True Story of Freddie Spencer Chapman, and the principal historian at the Imperial War Museum, Nigel Steel, detail Mr Chapman's extraordinary life and just what it takes to win a VC.


In Afghanistan, President Karzai is expected to accept a second round of elections. Correspondent Andrew North discusses the latest developments.

Sports news with Garry Richardson.


A group of former generals has warned the reputation of Britain's armed forces is being tarnished by political extremists. Their comments are published today by a group campaigning against the BNP. The campaign, Nothing British, has the support of several distinguished generals who have penned an open letter condemning what they describe as an attempt to hijack the good name of the army. Former head of the army, General Sir Mike Jackson, discusses the BNP's use of the army to advance their own cause.


The chief executive of the Medical Research Council, Sir Leszek Borysiewicz, is to deliver a keynote speech to the Royal College of Physicians analysing the importance of vaccinations for worldwide healthcare. With a number of concerns around vaccines, such as scares over the MMR vaccine, will his vision leave the ground? Correspondent Tom Feilden reports on the anxieties and concern around vaccines and Sir Leszek outlines the importance of immunisation in his vision for a new-era of healthcare.

Business news with Adam Shaw.


Spain has begun to investigate its violent past. Mass graves are being opened to identify thousands of dead from the country's brutal civil war. Archaeologists hope to locate the remains of the most famous victim of all, Federico Garcia Lorca, the celebrated poet and dramatist who was targeted for his left-wing views and homosexuality. Correspondent Steve Kingstone reports from Granada on the Spain's unexamined history.


Talks on the postal strike are to resume today. The Royal Mail has said it will not agree to discussions at the employment rights tribunal, ACAS, unless the Communication Workers Union calls off the strike. Sir Alistair Graham, former chairman of the committee on standards in public life, and South African mediator Michael Young, analyse whether a resolution will be reached.



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