bbc.co.uk
Home
TV
Radio
Talk
Where I Live
A-Z Index
BBC Sport Academy
GAMES CHAT PHOTOS QUIZ WIN
BBC Sport You are in: Treatment Room: Features  

Homepage
Treatment Room
Features
Jargon Guide



Latest Sports News
CBBC
Academy Parent

Get the newsletter
What is concussion?
Around the Academy:

Concussion

Wales rugby player Alix Popham is nursing a sore head after being knocked unconscious during his team's match against South Africa.

The No.8 had to be stretchered off the pitch and spent the night in hospital.

Luckily Popham escaped serious injury thanks to the quick-thinking of team-mate Ceri Sweeney who stopped him swallowing his tongue.

Head injuries can occur in all sports and must be treated seriously. Check out our guide below.


Who?
Anyone in contact sports. Concussion is most common in boxing, skiing, rugby and football.

How?
It is caused by a hard blow to the head or by striking the head against a stationary object.

Popham was left out cold after falling awkwardly during a tackle.

Why?
An injury to the head causes the brain to bounce against the rigid bone of the skull.

This may cause a tearing or twisting of the structures and blood vessels of the brain, which results in a breakdown of the normal flow of messages within the brain.

Symptoms?
Headache, nausea, dizziness, sickness, increased pupil size, and confusion.

Treatment?
Light concussion: can return to playing within fifteen minutes after medical check.

Severe concussion: if unconscious then check air passage is free and call trained first aider to the scene. A brain scan in hospital may be advisable.

Return?
Usually within 15 minutes after passing medical check.

In more serious cases it can be over a week before full recovery.

Professional rugby players are not allowed play for three weeks after sustaining concussion.

Post-concussion syndrome can kick in after weeks and months if proper treatment was not given at the time of the original injury.






^^ Back to top
© BBC Contact us | Help | About us Disclaimer
Football  |  Cricket  |  Tennis  |  Golf  |  Rugby Union  |  Rugby League  |  Athletics  |  Basketball  |  Swimming
Other Sport  |  In the Gym  |  Healthy Eating  |  Treatment Room  |  Your Blueprint  |  Learning Centre