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Carbohydrates and proteins
Around the Academy:

Food pyramid

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates (which some people call carbs) provide up to 70% of our body's energy.

They are the body's major energy source.

You can find them in bread, cereals (wheat, corn, rice, oats), and veggies like potatoes, as well as from fruit.

Most of the carbs you need come from foods in levels two and three in the food pyramid.

If you pig out on to many carbs your body wont be able toproduce energy from all of it so the excess gets stored in the body as fat.

Proteins

Protein is essential for developing muscles, bones, skin, tendons and the body's organs.

They are the building blocks of the body repairing and replacing damaged tissue.

A good balanced diet should have sufficient protein.

An athlete's diet should have about 15% protein in it.

If you over-eat on foods packed with protein any excess will either be excreted or changed into fat.

Proteins can be found in eggs, fish, meat, poultry, nuts, peas and lentils. Most of the protein you need comes from level three in the pyramid.



Food groups
Food pyramid
Carbs and proteins
Fats
Vits and minerals

Did you know?
Carbohydrates are the most important source of energy for the human body
Simple carbohydrates are basically sugars. They tend to taste sweet, to form crystals, and dissolve in water
Complex carbohydrates are lots of simple carbohydrates stuck together

Protein - the facts
Protein is a combination of many chemicals called amino acids
Protein's biggest job is to build up, maintain and replace the tissues in your body
Dairy products like cheese, milk, and yogurt are good sources of protein



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