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A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


VIRTUAL BODY ::
Virtual body

OTHER JARGON GUIDES ::

Find out what all the chat means



 
A

Artificial respiration
If an injured person is not breathing artificial respiration is performed using mouth to mouth resuscitation. This is where someone breathes into the mouth of the injured person to try and get them breathing again.

Asthma
An allergy of respiration or breathing. Asthmatics wheeze and have difficulty breathing out, especially when playing sport. Asthma sufferers also experience coughing and a tightness in the chest.

Asthmatic
Someone who suffers from Asthma.


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B

Blood pressure
This is the pressure of blood in your arteries.. If your blood pressure reading is 140 over 90 then you have a high blood pressure and you are more at risk of a heart attack. Exercise can reduce blood pressure.


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C

Cartilage
A tough tissue found in various parts of the body, such as the joints and the outer ear.

Cramp
This occurs when a muscle goes into spasm and refuses to relax. This makes it hard to continue exercising. The pain in affected muscle can range from a slight spasm to agonising pain. Can last a few seconds to 15 minutes and can recur.


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D

Dead leg
A dead leg is a common injury in contact sports. A heavy impact to the quadriceps (muscle at the top of the leg) causes the muscle to be crushed against the bone. This causes a tearing of the muscle within the sheath that surrounds it.

Dehydration
Dehydration is the loss of water and important blood salts like potassium from the body. If you are dehydrated then vital organs such as the kidneys, brain, and heart can't function properly.

Diabetes
Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life.

Dislocations
This is where a ligament pops out of the joint.


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E

Eccentric
The tightening of a muscle during its lengthening.

Exercise
Activity done to keep the body fit and healthy

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F

Fat
One of the major food groups and an important part of the human diet. A high percentage of body fat, however, is bad for you. Too much fat can lead to obesity.

Fracture
A serious injury to a bone and usually the tissues around the bone.


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G

Golfers elbow
An elbow injury picked up in golf which is usually caused by a poor technique.


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H

Hamstrings
These are the muscles in the back of your leg which help you to run. Michael Owen has a reputation for injuring his hamstrings.

Hypertension
Another name for high blood pressure.


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I

Infection
Where an injury or cut gets some form of virus in it. Infections can be picked up through the mouth, an open wound or even through urine.

Inflammation
An injury which has swollen up. It is our bodies response to a tissue injury.

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J

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K

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L

Lactic acid
A liquid which is produced in muscles as a result of anaerobic training. Lactic acid slows down the body if it builds up too much.

Ligament
A ligament is a short band of tough, flexible tissue, made up of lots of individual fibres, which connect the bones of the body together.

Ligament injuries
Ligaments exist in the knee, shoulder, ankle, elbow and thumb. They can be sprained, torn and fractured at the joints. These injuries are very common in athletes.


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M

Metatarsals
These are the five long bones in the foot. David Beckham famously broke his second metatarsal before the World Cup 2002.


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N

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O

Osgood-Schlatter disease
This is a common disease in adolescents where the bone underneath the knee becomes inflamed. It is due to a combination of growing and playing sports which put pressure on the knee.

Osteoporosis
This is the world's most common bone disease. It is where the bone becomes weak and much more likely to break.

Overuse injuries
Injuries suffered due to overuse of muscles or joints such as stress fractures.


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P

Physiology
The study of the functions of living organisms.


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Q


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R

Rehabilitation
An athlete's recovery from injury.

Rupture
A damaged muscle


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S

Stimulus
An action that produces a response.

Strain
When the demand on the muscle exceed the strength of the muscle.

Stress fracture
A fracture which occurs due to repeated loading or pressure on a bone. For example, runners may stress fracture one of the metatarsals in their foot. This is an example of an overuse injury.

Stretch bands
This is a piece of equipment made from rubber which can be used to help strengthen the muscles.


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T

Tendon
The band of tissue that connects the muscle to the bone eg
Achilles tendon

Traumatic injuries
Injuries which occur due to force eg
someone breaking their leg in a rugby tackle. Traumatic injuries are the opposite to stress fractures.

Trunk
The body of a human not including the head and the limbs.


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U

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V

VO2 Max
The maximum amount of oxygen a person can use in a one minute work out.
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W

Warm-up
This is preparation time before the proper work out begins. This may include light jogging and stretching to get the blood flowing through the muscles.
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X

X-Ray
This is an internal view of the body which can display the bones and the teeth.

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Y


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Z



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