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In the gym jargon guide
Around the Academy:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


WORKOUTS ::
Fitness workouts


VIRTUAL BODY ::
Virtual body

OTHER JARGON GUIDES ::

Find out what all the chat means



 
A

Abdominal muscles
These are the muscles in your stomach. If someone has a well developed mid-region they are said to have a "six-pack".

Ab-trainer
A frame designed to isolate your abdominal muscles. It is one of the most effective ways of building up a six pack.

Abs
An abbreviation for the abdominal muscles.

Aerobic training
Training which requires plenty of oxygen. It focuses on the making the heart and respiration rates.

Aerobic bouncer
This is a mini trampoline which can be used in circuit classes.

Aerobic capacity
This is another term for maximal oxygen uptake or VO2 Max.

Anaerobic threshold
What athletes term hitting the wall. It is the point at which you begin working your muscles without oxygen.

Anaerobic training
Training which uses movements which require very little oxygen. These are quick explosive actions which last a short space of time such as sprinting.

Agility
The power of moving the limbs quickly and easily; nimbleness; activity; quickness of motion; as, strength and agility of body.

Aqua aerobics
It is similar to normal aerobics but the exercises take place in the water.

Artificial respiration
If an injured person is not breathing artificial respiration is performed using mouth to mouth resuscitation. This is where someone breaths into the mouth of the injured party to try and get them breathing again.

Asthma
An allergy of respiration or breathing. Asthma sufferers wheeze and have difficulty in breathing out. It is also often accompanied by coughing and a tightness in the the chest.


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B

Ballistic stretch
A more vigorous stretch performed by using a swinging or bouncing motion suited only for conditioned athletes.

Bleep test
A shuttle run test which helps you calculate you VO2 Max.

Blood pressure
measure of the resistance of blood against the artery walls

Body building
Weight training which is designed to change your physical appearance.

Body pump
It is a fitness clas which is a mixture of aerobic exercise and weights.

Box-a-cise
A fitness class which incorporates a number of boxing moves and techniques without the physical contact.


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C

Calories
Energy is usually registered in calories. Basically a calorie is a quantity of food capable of producing a certain amount of energy. It is measured in terms of heat, with one calorie equal to 4.1840 joules. Also called kilocalorie or large calorie.

Carbohydrates
Also called "carbs". Compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen which are used by the body as a fuel source. The two main groups are sugars and starch.

Carbohydrate loading
This is when an athlete increases his or her consumption of carbohydrates around three days before an event to boost glycogen and energy levels.

Cardiovascular
Anything relating to the heart & lungs and the blood-vessels. The fitter your heart & lungs, the fitter you are.

Cardiovascular training
Training, such as running or cycling, that strengthens the heart and the blood vessels. It builds up your general fitness.

Cartilage
A tough tissue found in various parts of the body, such as the joints, outer ear, and larynx.

Circuit training
A circuit of exercises. Regarded as the best way for keeping children fit. Anything can be included in the circuit including press-ups, sit-ups and shuttle runs.

Complete Proteins
The type of proteins which contain all the essential amino acids.

Concentric
The contraction of a muscle.

Cool Down
A form of light training or stretching which allows your body to gradually slow down after exercise.

Cooper run
A test done on a 400m circuit which helps you calculate your VO2 Max.

Creatine
A supplement which is believed to help athletes to boost their performances.

Crunches
A form of abdominal exercise which sees you crunch your legs and stomach together. Can be done with legs on a bench.


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D

Dehydration
Excessive loss of water from the body or from an organ or body part, as from illness or fluid deprivation

Diabetes
Any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst, especially one of the two types of diabetes mellitus.

Dumbbell
This is a small free weight used for exercising. They can have detachable metal discs or fixed weights at each end.


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E

Eccentric
The contraction of a muscle during its lengthening.

Endurance
A physically demanding and long form of exercise.

Enzyme
Protein molecules which are responsible for a multitude of chemical reactions within the body.

Ergogenic
Something that can increase muscular work capacity.

Exercise
Activity done to keep the body fit and healthy.


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F

Fat
One of the major food groups and an important part of the human diet. Fats come under a number of names - lipids and triglycerides are the most common. A high percentage of body fat, however, is bad for you.

Flexibility
This is the range of movement in a joint. Your flexibility can be improved through the right kind of training.

Fracture
A serious injury to a bone and usually the tissues around the bone.

Free weight
Weights which aren't controlled by machines such as barbells and dumbbells.


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G

Glucose
This is a simple sugar molecule which provides the basic fuel for the body.

Glycogen
The main form of carbohydrate energy which is stored within the muscles and the liver.


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H

Hormones
These control the biological process in our body. They are made from proteins, such as insulin for blood sugar control, or cholesterol for testosterone control.

Hypertension
High blood pressure.


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I

Intervals
The amount of time between two specified parts of a work out.

Isometric training
A form of muscle training done at a constant speed with a variable load.

Isotonic training
Muscle training performed at a variable load.

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J

Joule
Metric unit of work or energy.

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K

Kangaroo boots
A pair of boots with a spring attached to the bottom which can be used in classes to help build up strength in the legs.


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L

Lactic acid
A liquid which is produced in muscles as a result of anaerobic training. It slows down the body if it builds up too much.

Latissimus dorsi
These are the large muscles in the back which help the movement of the arms.

Lats
An abbreviation for Latissimus dorsi.

Ligament
A band of white tissue which links bones together.

Limbs
The extra parts of your body such as your arms and legs.


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M

Maximal test
A test which works your body as hard as possible such as the Bleep test.

Multi-stage fitness test
Test such as the Bleep test which make you work at different levels of fitness.

Muscle
A tissue composed of fibres which contract to assist the bodily movement.


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N

Nutrition
The science or study that deals with food and drink


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O

Obliques
The muscles on both sides of abdominals which rotate and flex the trunk.

Osgood-Schlatter disease
This is a common disease in adolescents where the bone beneath the knee becomes inflamed. It is due to a combination of growth and playing sports which put pressure on the knee such as jumping and running


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P

Pectoral muscles
The muscles in your chest which allow you to push your arms forward.

Pecs
Abbreviation for the pectoral muscle.

Physiology
The biological study of the functions of living organisms.

Plyometrics
An adult form of training designed to improve your explosive strength.

Power
A combination of strength and speed.

Psychology
The science that deals with mental processes and behaviour.


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Q

Quadricep muscles
These are the muscles at the top of the legs.

Quads
An abbreviation for the quadriceps.

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R

Reaction
A response to a stimulus.

Repetition
One complete movement of an exercise.

Reps
Abbreviation of repetition.

Rowing machine
Rowing machines give people the opportunity to row without water. They provide a great upper and lower-body workout.


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S

Set
A fixed number of repetitions. For example, eight repetitions of bicep curls may make one set.

Shuttle runs
Running to and from two different points, usually around 20 metres apart.

Speed
Moving quickly. Scientifically it is distance divided by time.

Spinning
It is a fitness class on a special bicycle in a gym where you cycle for between 30 minutes and an hour to build up your fitness.

Static Stretch
A stretch which is held in the same position for several seconds.

Step classes
Popular form of aerobics with work the legs and the fitness.

Stimulus
An agent, action, or condition that elicits or accelerates a physiological or psychological activity or response.

Strain
When the demand on the muscle exceeds the strength of the muscle.

Stress fracture
A fracture which occurs due to repeated loading on a bone.

Stretch bands
This is rubber stretch equipment which provides can be used to help strengthen the muscles.

Stretching
The extension of muscles so they are ready fro exercise.


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T

Target muscle
The primary muscle intended for exercise.

Tendon
The band tissue that connects the muscle to the bone.

Trapezius muscles
These are the largest muscles in the back and neck that draw the head backwards and rotate the scapula.

Traps
An abbreviation of the trapezius muscles.

Treadmill
This is an exercise device consisting of a continuous moving belt on which a person can walk or jog while remaining in one place.

Trunk
The body of a human excluding the head and the limbs.


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U

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V

VO2 Max
The maximum amount of oxygen a person can use in a one minute work out.
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W

Warm-up
This is preparation time before the proper work out begins. This may include light jogging to get the blood flowing through the muscles.
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X

X-Ray
This is an internal view of the body which can display the bones and the teeth.

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Y

Yoga
A system of exercises which help your control of the body and mind. It also improves your breathing and focuses the alignment of your body.

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Z



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