Fifa also slapped a £3,500 fine on Marquez, who plays his club football in France with Monaco.
He was dismissed near the end of the 2-0 defeat by the US for his illegal challenge on Cobi Jones.
The world governing body also announced that Robert Acuna of Paraguay would be suspended for two matches after being red-carded in the second-round match against Germany.
Acuna hit Germany's Michael Ballack in an off-the-ball incident in the dying seconds of Paraguay's 1-0 defeat by Germany.
Acuna was also fined £2,200.