Hwaseong fortress has earned a reputation as one of the most scientifically designed fortresses in the world.
The citadel was completed in 1796 by King Jeongjo in an unsuccessful attempt to make Suwon the nation's capital.
But the city is not entirely locked in the past, or within the walls.
Although it has a proud agricultural past, it has embraced industry and technology like any self-respecting South Korean city and now sprawls far beyond the old city limits.
It has also embraced tourism.
Suwon is the furthest afield from Seoul that many tourists reach, and the Korean Folk Village is the draw card.
It is a reconstructed village that gives visitors a glimpse into the past and includes performaces of traditional dances and weddings.