Olympic administrator Craig Reedie receives a knighthood in the New Year honours list for services to sport.
Craig Reedie has become a powerful figure in world sport
And Scottish Paralympic and world cycling gold medallist Aileen McGlynn, 32, becomes an MBE.
Reedie, from Bridge of Weir, retired in October as chairman of the British Olympic Association.
The Stirling-born 64-year-old played a leading role in winning the 2012 Games for London and said: "This is a wonderful end to a wonderful year."
Reedie qualified as a lawyer and played badminton at international level before launching a career in sports administration.
In the late 1960s, he was appointed as the secretary and treasurer of the Scottish Badminton Union.
That led to a spell as chairman of the International Badminton Federation for three years from 1981.
He joined the International Olympic Committee in 1994 and has was been involved in the organisation of the 2004 Athens and the 2008 Beijing games.
Aileen McGlynn won gold and silver at the Athens Paralympics
Reedie is also expected stand as a candidate for the executive board in 2007, which would make him one of the most powerful Scottish figures in world sport.
Meanwhile, McGlynn's appointment is reward for the Paisley-born trainee actuary winning the women's 1km tandem time trial in the Paralympic Games in Athens in 2004, setting a new world record with pilot Ellen Hunter.
The pair clocked a time of one minute 11.160 seconds, breaking the world record by almost eight tenths of a second to become Team GB's first gold medallists in Greece.
But the gold medal also represented Britain's first in cycling at the Paralympics.
McGlynn and Hunter this year claimed a double triumph in the world championships in Manchester, including a victory over arch-rivals Australia in the tandem sprint final.
The Scot, who is partially blind and is a member of the Johnstone Wheelers club, started cycling at the age of eight and won several hill climbs with her club and mixed tandem events before going on to international success.