NEW YORK BID FACTFILE
None (Atlanta 1996, Los Angeles 1984 and 1932, St Louis 1904)
27 July-12 Aug
31 Aug-11 Sep
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New York is facing an uphill battle as it tries to secure the Olympics and Paralympics for the first time.
The Big Apple ran into big problems over its Olympic stadium plans, just as its campaign should have been going through the gears.
The decision to refuse funding for the stadium left New York's bid in crisis, and it remains to be seen what IOC members will think of its compromise plan.
New York was already fighting the 'continental rotation' theory, which suggests it will not be North America's turn to host the Games, and the stadium trouble has played into the hands of its European rivals.
The city's bid is based on an Olympic X plan, which places almost all of its venues on two intersecting transport axes.
The athletes' village would be located at the centre of the X, on the East River in Queens, with the three main venue clusters less than 10km away.
New York's original idea was to build an 80,000-seat Olympic Stadium above rail tracks on the west side of Manhattan, with the athletics warm-up track on a floating platform in the Hudson River.
But the emergency plan involves using the New York Mets' new stadium in Queens.
Other venues include the famous Yankee Stadium for baseball, Flushing Meadows for tennis, Madison Square Garden for basketball and Central Park for the triathlon.
Softball, road cycling, mountain bike and equestrian events would be across the water to the south on Staten Island, football and volleyball to the west in New Jersey, and sailing in the Atlantic off Coney Island.