Outside the three-point arc
Shots scored from outside of the three-point line - the D-shaped arc surrounding each team's basket - earn three points.
The shooter must have at both feet on the floor outside the three-point line prior to the attempt.
Three-point shooting is highly prized by teams and spectators alike, especially if the winning basket is hit from distance on the buzzer.
Inside the three-point arc
Shots which find the basket from inside of the three-point line are worth two points.
An unsuccessful free throw attempt which is tapped into the basket also counts as two points.
A free throw is an unchallenged shot at the basket from the free-throw line, taken while the clock is stopped.
They are worth one point.
They are awarded after a technical foul a personal foul on a player in the act of shooting or a personal foul after the team committing the foul has exceeded four fouls in that quarter. The number awarded (1-3) depends on the offence.
If a player scores despite being fouled, he also gets free throws.