A terrorist attack on the Israeli team in Munich was to shock the Olympic movement and left 11 athletes, five terrorists and one policeman dead.
There were golds galore for Mark Spitz
Did you know?
Waldi the daschund was the first named Olympic mascot
The Games were halted the next morning as a memorial service was staged, but competition resumed later in the day with the backing of Israeli officials.
The Israeli team returned home as did other athletes, but the feeling was the Games should go on.
African politics continued to play a major part and the IOC banned Rhodesia.
The Rhodesians had already sent a team of 30 athletes but they were ordered out of the Games for their apartheid politics.
Archery returned to the schedule, while judo established itself as a permanent fixture and indoor handball made its debut as one of 195 disciplines.
Mark Spitz, who had emerged with two gold medals as an 18-year-old in Mexico City, was the star of the show.
He won four individual gold medals, all in world record times and then added three relay golds as well to become the most successful swimmer of all time.
Soviet gymnast Olga Korbut became a massive star overnight with three golds and a silver as she endeared herself to the Munich crowd.