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Fanny Blanker-Koen won four gold medals
London - originally earmarked for the 1944 Games - staged the first Olympiad after the War.

A record number of 59 countries attended, although Japan and Germany were not invited and there were no athletes from the Soviet Union as the USSR was not affiliated to the IOC.

Costs determined that there was not an Olympic village built, and competitors were instead housed in military barracks and colleges around the capital.

With rationing also in place many teams had to bring their own food with them.

Scenes from the opening ceremony
Scenes from the opening ceremony
The undoubted star of the Games was Dutch athlete Fanny Blankers-Koen.

Nicknamed the 'flying-housewife', the mother-of-two won four gold medals, but the timetable of events prevented her from competing in the high and long jumps, despite being disciplines that she held the world record in.

Finnish gymnast Veikko Huhtanen was similarly successful with three golds, one silver and a bronze.

The United States once again topped the medal table with Sweden and France their nearest rivals.

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