The 1960 Rome opening ceremony appeared to be passing off without incident until the Republic of China athletes launched a protest.
They were unhappy with the International Olympic Committee's ruling which compelled the athletes to compete under the name of Taiwan despite the IOC recognising their membership as Republic of China.
As the 73-strong delegation passed the grandstands, Chef de Mission Lin Hung-tan unfurled a banner with 'under protest' scrawled on it to the delight of spectators.
Taiwan continued to participate in the Games, but did so under protest.
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