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Last Updated: Tuesday, 11 October 2005, 14:26 GMT 15:26 UK
Foul play

There are 36 technical fouls in football and 34 in hurling, the main ones are:

Football:

  • To over carry or over hold the ball
  • To throw the ball
  • To handpass the ball without a definite striking action
  • To lift the ball off the ground with the knees
  • To lie on the ball
  • To bounce the ball more than once consecutively after catching it
  • To play the ball with the hands and catch it again before it touches the ground, another player or goal-posts
  • To wrestle the ball from an opponent who has caught the ball
  • To throw the ball from one hand to the other without keeping contact with the original hand
  • To change the ball from one hand to the other without it being bounced or toe-tapped in between

    Hurling:

  • To over carry or over hold the ball
  • To throw the ball
  • To lift the ball off the ground with the knees
  • To lie on the ball
  • To touch the ball on the ground with the hands, except when a player falls or is knocked down while in possession of the ball
  • To catch the ball more than twice before playing it away
  • To toss the ball with the hand and catch it without playing it with the hurley
  • To drop the hurley intentionally, or to throw it in a manner which endangers another player
  • To tip an opponent's hurley so they can't get the ball
  • To score a goal with the hands
  • To play the ball a second time from a free puck unless it strikes another play or the goal-posts

    Aggressive fouls, which are punished with a red card are:

  • Striking or attempting to strike an opponent, team-mate or match official with any part of the body, or the hurley or stamping on them
  • To behave in a dangerous manner

    Dissent is a separate law within the rules of GAA.

    Included in this are:

  • Challenging the authority of a match official
  • To show dissent with the referee's decision to award a free to the opposition
  • To refuse to leave the pitch when sent-off or to rejoin the game when sent-off.

    When a foul is committed, the game is restarted with a free or a throw-in from where the offence took place.

    If one of the aggressive fouls occurs inside the large rectangle, or any foul in the small rectangle, then a penalty kick/puck is awarded which is taken from the 13m line.




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