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  Saturday, 20 July, 2002, 20:29 GMT 21:29 UK
Flushing facts and figures
The giant Arthur Ashe Stadium
The giant Arthur Ashe Stadium
The history of the US Open from 1881 to the present day, champions from the past 20 years and other facts.

Facts

The US National Tennis Center at Flushing Meadows contains 45 courts, including 11 practice courts. 15 are used for the Open.

The biggest is the Arthur Ashe stadium, which opened 1997 with a capacity of 23,000.

At the time, the old Stadium Court, now called the Louis Armstrong Stadium, was redesigned and its capacity halved to 9,600.

Arthur Ashe
Other features in and around the complex is the Arthur Ashe Commemorative Garden and Sculpture, unveiled last year. This can be found in the south plaza.

It honours the legacy of Ashe, in 1968 the first black American champion, who died in 1993.

Prize money

Brazilian Gustavo Kuerten heads the men's rankings while Martina Hingis heads the women's rankings despite Jennifer Capriati leading in money list.

This year the total prize money will be over $15.75m, making it the richest single sporting event in the world. The singles winners will receive $850,000 and the runner-up $425,000. The richest non-tennis event is the Indianapolis 500, with total prize money of over $9m.

Key dates

1881: First tournament, held at the Newport Casino.
1887: First women's championship, held in Philadelphia.
1915: Men's tournament moves to Forest Hills, New York.
1921: Women's tournament moves to Forest Hills, but as a separate event to the men.
1935: Men and women's events united in one tournament.
1946: Record crowds attend first tournament since end of World War II. Jack Kramer wins men's title.
Louis Armstrong Stadium
Louis Armstrong Stadium is now smaller
1969: Rod Laver completes second Grand Slam of his career. Bad weather means final is held over until third Monday and is watched by only 3,708.
1973: Equal prize money for men's and women's championships introduced. The US Open is still the only Grand Slam event to do this.
1974: Grass courts are replaced by American green clay.
1978: Tournament moves from Forest Hills to Flushing Meadows and is played on hard courts.
1979: Tracey Austin becomes youngest ever women's champion at 16.
1990: Pete Sampras becomes youngest ever men's champion at 19.

Previous men's finals

2000 Marat Safin beat Pete Sampras
1999 Andre Agassi beat Todd Martin
1998 Pat Rafter beat Mark Philippoussis
1997 Pat Rafter beat Greg Rusedski
1996 Pete Sampras beat Michael Chang
1995 Pete Sampras beat Andre Agassi
1994 Andre Agassi beat Michael Stich
1993 Pete Sampras beat Cedric Pioline
1992 Stefan Edberg beat Pete Sampras
1991 Stefan Edberg beat Jim Courier
1990 Pete Sampras beat Andre Agassi
1989 Boris Becker beat Ivan Lendl
1988 Mats Wilander beat Ivan Lendl
1987 Ivan Lendl beat Mats Wilander
1986 Ivan Lendl beat Miloslav Mecir
1985 Ivan Lendl beat John McEnroe
1984 John McEnroe beat Ivan Lendl
1983 Jimmy Connors beat Ivan Lendl
1982 Jimmy Connors beat Ivan Lendl
1981 John McEnroe beat Bjorn Borg

Previous women's finals

2000 Venus Williams beat Lindsay Davenport
1999 Serena Williams beat Martina Hingis
1998 Lindsay Davenport beat Martina Hingis
1997 Martina Hingis beat Venus Williams
1996 Steffi Graf beat Monica Seles
1995 Steffi Graf beat Monica Seles
1994 Arantxa Sanchez Vicario beat Steffi Graf
1993 Steffi Graf beat Helena Sukova
1992 Monica Seles beat Arantxa Sanchez Vicario
1991 Monica Seles beat Martina Navratilova
1990 Gabriela Sabatini beat Steffi Graf
1989 Steffi Graf beat Martina Navratilova
1988 Steffi Graf beat Gabriela Sabatini
1987 Martina Navratilova beat Steffi Graf
1986 Martina Navratilova beat Helena Sukova
1985 Hana Mandlikova beat Martina Navratilova
1984 Martina Navratilova beat Chris Evert Lloyd
1983 Martina Navratilova beat Chris Evert Lloyd
1982 Chris Evert Lloyd beat Martina Navratilova
1981 Tracey Austin beat Martina Navratilova

All the latest news from the US Open

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