Scottish Premier League safes remained largely closed as the January transfer window slammed shut.
Even Celtic and Rangers failed to make any big-money signings as the new financial realities hit hard at all 12 clubs.
Main dealers during January were Livingston, with 11 players coming in and nine leaving.
The last to arrive came hours before the Friday midnight deadline, defender Kelly Berville arriving from French club Nice.
Stephen Thompson moved to Rangers
Livi also captured the most famous name, 35-year-old former Barcelona and Spain midfielder Guillermo Amor.
Champions Celtic paid a nominal sum for Livingston's Spanish goalkeeper, Javier Sanchez Broto.
But that was only as cover for the departure of third-choice Jonathan Gould to Preston North End.
Leaders Rangers signed Scotland striker Steven Thompson from Dundee United.
But even that was a cut-price deal because the 24-year-old was out of contract in the summer.
Aberdeen allowed new manager Steve Paterson some cash.
He returned to the First Division, where he was in charge of Inverness Caledonian Thistle, to capture Paul Sheerin from Ayr United, Leigh Hinds from Clyde and Steve Tosh from Falkirk.
But the transfer fees combined failed to top £100,000.
Hard-up Hibernian and Kilmarnock were unable to afford any new signings.
Scottish Premier League transfer window moves:
In: Paul Sheerin (Ayr United), Leigh Hinds (Clyde), Michael Hart (Livingston), Steve Tosh (Falkirk), John Stewart (unattached)
Out: Ben Thornley (Blackpool), Patrizio Billio (released), Roberto Bisconti (released), Callum McHattie (released), Robbie Hedderman (released).
In: Javier Sanchez Broto (Livingston)
Out: Jonathan Gould, Simon Lynch (both Preston North End), Graham Fyfe (Raith Rovers), Kevin Howe (Livingston)
In: Mark Burchill (Portsmouth - loan), Steven Stewart (Dundee Violet), Euan Robertson (unattached), Jon Voigt (unattached)
Out: Derek Soutar (Alloa Athletic - loan), Mark Robertson (St Johnstone - loan), David McLean (Peterhead - loan), Juan Sara (Coventry City - loan), Graeme Thomson (Montrose)
In: Billy Dodds (Rangers), Andy Tod (Bradford City - loan), Gary Bollan (Livingston), Daniele Chiarini (Partick Thistle)
Out: Steven Thompson (Rangers), Kevin McGowne (Partick Thistle), Tassos Venetis (Ross County), Arnur Gunnlaugsson (freed), David Winters (Ross County - loan)
In: Noel Hunt (Shamrock Rovers), Ged Brannan (Wigan Athletic - loan) David Grondin (Arsenal - loan)
Out: Davie Nicholls (Falkirk - loan), Stewart Petrie (Northern Spirit), Kevin McLeish (Ross County - loan), Scott Thomson (Brechin City - loan)
In: Tepi Moilanen (Preston North End)
Out: Ryan Davidson (Alloa Athletic - loan), Eliot Smith (Cowdenbeath - loan), Robert Sloan (Alloa Athletic - loan)
Out: Francisco Luna (Almerias), Tony Caig (Newcastle United), Mark Dempsie (St Mirren)
Out: Jose Quitongo (freed), Samuel Boutal (freed), Ally Mitchell (St Mirren), Gary McCutcheon (Dumbarton), Robbie Henderson (Morton), Jerome Veraille (Airdrie United)
In: Kelly Berville (Nice), Alan Main (St Johnstone), Guillermo Amor (Villarreal), Julian Maidana (Racing Club), Emiliano Olcese (Argentina Juniors), Fernando Pasquinelli (Tallares), Tom English (Newcastle), Kevin Howe (Celtic), Steven Miller (Raith Rovers), Giordano Pellegrino (Lazio), Matthias Coelho (Argentina Juniors)
Out: Javier Sanchez Broto (Celtic), Michael Hart (Aberdeen), Gary Bollan (Dundee United), Stephen Whalen (Ayr United - loan), David Ormiston (Gretna), Brian Fairbairn (Gretna), Mark Lukovich (East Stirlingshire), Stewart Greacen (Forfar Athletic), Lukowiecki (East Stirlingshire)
In: Steven Craig (Falkirk), Richard Offiong (Newcastle - loan), Tony Vaughan (Nottingham Forest - loan)
Out: Ian Russell (Dumbarton)
In: David Rowson (Stoke), Ian Ross (St Mirren), Kevin McGowne (Dundee United)
Out: Scott McLean (St Mirren), Daniele Chiarini (Dundee United), Ian Morris (Stirling Albion - loan), David McCallum (Queen's Park), Alan McDermott (released)
In: Steven Thompson (Dundee United), Jerome Bonnissel (Bordeaux), Dan Eggen (Alaves)
Out: Billy Dodds (Dundee United), Russell Latapy (freed), Paul McHale (St Mirren), John Adam (Morton), Graham Dale (Morton), Dariusz Adamczuk (freed)