Spain won their major first trophy in 44 years at Euro 2008
Spain head the Fifa world rankings after triumphing at Euro 2008 in style.
Rated fourth in June, it is the first time the Spanish have topped the list since the rankings started in 1992.
Former leaders Argentina have slipped to sixth after two disappointing draws in World Cup qualifying.
England have dropped six places to 15th, their lowest position since 2001, Scotland are one place behind, with Northern Ireland 33rd in the ranking list and Wales 54th.
England and the rest of the home nations failed to qualify for Euro 2008, a tournament won by a gifted Spain squad.
They shed their tag as perennial underachievers when they swept all before them at the European Championship in Austria and Switzerland - winning every tie attractively and outplaying Germany when winning the final 1-0.
Barcelona midfielder Xavi was named the tournament's best player and was one of nine members of the Spain squad selected among a team of 23 by a panel of Uefa technical experts.
Germany, as a consequence of their progress in the tournament, have moved up two places to third position behind Italy, who have risen one spot, despite going out of the tournament at the quarter-final stage.
Greece, European champions in 2004, suffered a big drop - from eighth to 18th - after failing to make it out of the group stages this time around.
Russia's surprise run to the semi-finals resulted in them surging 13 places to 11th, their best ranking in more than 10 years.
The ranking system is based on international results over the past four years, with more points awarded for wins in major tournaments.
FIFA RANKINGS (previous position in brackets):
1. (4) Spain 2. (3) Italy 3. (5) Germany 4. (2) Brazil 5. (10) Netherlands 6. (1) Argentina 7. (15) Croatia 8. (6) Czech Republic 9. (11) Portugal 10. (7) France 11. (24) Russia 12. (12) Romania 13. (13) Cameroon 14. (20) Turkey 15. (9) England 16. (17) Scotland 17. (18) Bulgaria 18. (8) Greece 19. (14) Mexico 20. (16) Ghana 33. (32) Northern Ireland 41. (42) Republic of Ireland 54. (53) Wales
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