BBC Sport brings you 10 fascinating facts on the European Championships.
1. The European Championships were originally called the Uefa European Nations Cup.
2. Uefa at first struggled to find 16 nations willing to compete, with no British Isles countries entering the first tournament.
3. Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, German Democratic Republic, Greece, Hungary, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Turkey, USSR and Yugoslavia were the first competing nations.
4. The trophy is named after Henri Delaunay, who was a central character in the development of European football and Uefa.
5. The tournament became the European Football Championship in 1968, with eight groups of seeded teams who played each other twice; the top two from each group progressed to the two-legged quarter-finals. The semi-finals were held in the host country, Italy.
6. In the 1968 tournament, Alan Mullery became the first England player to be sent off in an international.
7. In 1976, Wales made it through their group into the knock-out stages for the only time in their history. They lost to Yugoslavia.
8. Holland, featuring Ruud Gullit, Frank Rijkaard and Marco van Basten, won their first ever major championship in 1988.
9. Portugal beat off competition from Spain and Austria/Hungary to host Euro 2004. Spain were the favourites but Portugal won through because of the co-operation between the football federation and the government.
10. Five European Championship finals have gone to extra-time (1960, 1968, 1976, 1996 and 2000). Only one has been decided on penalties - the 1976 final between West Germany and Czechoslovakia.