By Emmanuel Muga
BBC Sport, Dar es Salaam
Germany's Bert Trautmann is not just remembered with fondness in England, a nation that honoured him with an OBE on Monday, but also in Tanzania.
The former Manchester City goalkeeper, who arrived in England as a prisoner of war, received the prestigious award for his role in improving Anglo-German relations in the wake of World War II.
Yet some Tanzanians recall him as a father of the country's football.
Trautmann arrived in the East African nation in 1974 as part of West Germany's sports assistance programme, where he succeeded in reorganising the country's league as well as developing the skills of local coaches.
He left after two years due to instability in the country's FA but laid a foundation upon which Tanzania built to qualify for their only African Cup of Nations finals in 1980.
"The league system we have now is a brain child of Trautmann," Atillion Tagalile, a former sports reporter, told BBC Sport.
"Before that, we had chaos - and not something you can call a football league."
"Trautmann can well be described as the father of modern football in Tanzania."
Before Trautmann's arrival, Tanzania had a 20-team league played in a two-legged home and away knockout format.
However, he reduced the number of teams to twelve and introduced a league system of playing home and away.
In addition, the German held coaching clinics for local coaches and formed an association known as Tanzania Football Coaches Association (Tafca) to oversee skill development for the coaches.
"He conducted coaching courses throughout the country," said former Tanzanian international Abdallah Kibaden.
"I attended one of his courses in Arusha in 1975 soon after retiring from the national team.
"Before his arrival, there was no training system for the coaches."
Trautmann, who is now 82 and received his OBE at the British Embassy in Berlin, also sent Tanzanian coaches to Cologne in Germany to acquire advanced coaching skills.
Joel Bendera, the current chairman of the government's National Sports Council, is one of the coaches who benefited from the scheme.
In 1976, Bendera travelled to Cologne to attend a nine-month course along with two fellow Tanzanians.
When Bendera returned, he was appointed head coach of Tanzania's national team and guided it to the 1980 Nations Cup finals in Nigeria.
Former international Kibaden believes that Trautmann also contributed to Tanzania's qualification through his youth development programme.
"He put emphasis on youth development as well, he toured the country in search of talents and we were able to get a strong team that went on to play the Nations Cup in Nigeria," added Kibaden, who is currently head coach of Tanzania's under-17 side.
Trautmann, who achieved fame in England by playing on in the 1956 FA Cup final despite breaking his neck, helped restructure the FA as well as designing an administrative procedure for the association.
"He reorganised our operation structure and also worked with administrators on football development," Said El Maamry, who was chairman of the Football Association of Tanzania (Fat) at the time, said.
"But the crisis within our FA frustrated him."
Trautmann cut short his long development programme in Tanzania due to instability within the country's FA.
Maladministration has continued to haunt Tanzania's football, whose national team is ranked 169th in the world by Fifa.