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Ups and downs

BBC Sport outlines the promotion and relegation issues - and European qualifiers - in England and Scotland.

Sir Alex Ferguson with the Premier League trophy
Manchester Untied clinched the title on 14 May

Manchester United won a record 19th league title with a 1-1 draw at Blackburn on 14 May. They will enter the Champions League group stages with runners-up Chelsea and third-placed Manchester City, while fourth-placed Arsenal will enter in the qualifying rounds.

English clubs have three places in the Europa League - for the FA Cup winners, the Carling Cup winners and the fifth-placed team in the Premier League.

The first team to book their place in Europe were Carling Cup winners Birmingham City, who will play in the Europa League after being granted a licence by Uefa, despite earlier fears about their financial situation.

Birmingham City celebrate winning the Carling Cup and qualifying for Europe
Birmingham City qualified for Europe but were relegated

As Manchester City had already qualified for the Champions League ahead of their FA Cup final win over Stoke City - a consolation for the beaten Potters was that they qualified for the Europa League - while Tottenham Hotspur clinched fifth place by beating Birmingham 2-1 on the final day of the season.

England also earned an extra Europa League place through being one of the top three countries in Uefa's Respect Fair Play league. The highest-place team in the Premier League's Fair Play table that has not yet qualified for Europe - Fulham - will enter the Europa League first qualifying round.

The bottom three teams will be relegated to the Championship - West Ham United's relegation was confirmed on 15 May after they lost 3-2 at fellow strugglers Wigan, while the other two places were be decided on the last day of the season - Blackpool ensured an instant return to the Championship by losing 4-2 at Manchester United while Birmingham City went down after they were beaten 2-1 at Tottenham.


QPR receive Championship trophy

Queens Park Rangers clinched the title - and promotion to the Premier League - with a 2-0 win at Watford on 30 April, and later escaped a points deduction for breaching FA regulations over the signing of Alejandro Faurlin. Norwich City took the second automatic promotion place on 2 May after they won 1-0 at Portsmouth, and Swansea City beat Reading 4-2 in the play-off final to clinch the third promotion place.

The bottom three teams will be relegated to League One - Preston North End went down after losing 1-0 to Cardiff on 25 April. Scunthorpe United and Sheffield United joined them on 30 April after the Iron lost 5-1 at Nottingham Forest, while the Blades drew 2-2 with Barnsley.

Brighton celebrate promotion
Brighton were the first Football League team to clinch promotion

Brighton & Hove Albion secured automatic promotion to the Championship by beating Dagenham & Redbridge 4-3 on 12 April, and made sure of the title four days later by winning 3-1 at Walsall.

Southampton realistically sealed the second automatic promotion place on 2 May with a 3-1 win over Plymouth but made sure of second spot when they beat Walsall 3-1 on the final day to end a two-year spell in League One, and Peterborough United beat Huddersfield 3-0 in the play-off final to join Brighton and Saints in the Championship.

Four teams are relegated to League Two. Bottom club Swindon Town went down on 25 April after losing 3-1 at Sheffield Wednesday, while that 3-1 defeat by Southampton confirmed Plymouth Argyle's second successive relegation. The Pilgrims suffered a 10-point deduction earlier in the season for going into administration.

Bristol Rovers fell through the trapdoor on the final day following a 2-1 defeat at Colchester although their realistic hopes were ended a week earlier, and Dagenham & Redbridge also dropped after a 5-0 thrashing at Peterborough.

Chesterfield celebrate promotion
Chesterfield have dominated League Two for much of the season

The top three teams are promoted to League One - and leaders Chesterfield were promoted without kicking a ball on 22 April after Wycombe were held to a goalless draw at Torquay, and clinched the title on the final day of the season with a 3-1 win at home to Gillingham. Bury were promoted on 25 April after beating Chesterfield 3-2 while Wycombe Wanderers pipped Shrewsbury to the final automatic spot with a 3-1 home win against Southend on the final day. Stevenage clinched the final promotion place by beating Torquay 1-0 in the play-off final.

A Stockport fan wipes away a tear during one of their final matches
Stockport's 106-year stay in the Football League has ended

The bottom two teams are relegated to the Blue Square Bet Premier. Bottom club Stockport County's relegation was confirmed on 30 April after they lost 2-0 at Crewe. Lincoln City were condemned to the drop after they lost 3-0 at home to Aldershot on the final day of the season as fellow strugglers Barnet beat Port Vale 1-0.

Crawley celebrate promotion
The champagne flowed as Crawley secured promotion

Crawley Town clinched the title - and the only automatic promotion place into the Football League - on 9 April with a 3-0 win at Tamworth.

They will be joined in the League by AFC Wimbledon, who beat Luton on penalties in the play-off final.

The bottom four teams will be relegated - Histon went down on 9 April after losing 2-0 at Gateshead while Eastbourne Borough joined them on 16 April after their 1-1 draw with Kidderminster. Five teams had a chance of filling the final two places on the final day of the regular season - but Altrincham went down after losing 4-3 to Eastbourne, while Southportwere relegated after losing 3-1 at Kettering. but subsequently reprieved after Rushden & Diamonds were expelled from the Conference for financial reasons on 11 June.

Four teams are promoted to non-League's top flight - Blue Square Bet North champions Alfreton Town and play-off winners AFC Telford United, along with South division champions Braintree Town and play-off winners Ebbsfleet United.

Rangers manager Walter Smith and defender David Weir
Walter Smith bowed out as Rangers boss with another SPL title

Rangers won the Scottish Premier League title, and clinched the sole Champions League place, by beating Kilmarnock 5-1 on the final day of the season.

Only this season's SPL winners will enter the 2011/12 Champions League (at the third qualifying round stage) after Scotland's Uefa coefficient ranking fell below Belgium in 2010. However, the second SPL place is set to be restored for the 2012/13 competition after Scotland rose above Switzerland.

Runners-up Celtic and third-placed Hearts will enter the Europa League - while Celtic's victory over Motherwell in the Scottish Cup final opened up an extra Europa League spot for Dundee United, the fourth-placed SPL team, who will enter at the second qualifying round. Hearts enter in the third qualifying round, wth Celtic in the fourth and final qualifying round.

Bottom club Hamilton Academical were relegated to Division One after losing 1-0 at St Johnstone on 10 May.

Manager Jim McIntyre has led Dunfermline to the SPL
Dunfermline manager Jim McIntyre celebrates promotion

Champions Dunfermline Athletic were promoted to the SPL on 30 April after winning 2-0 at Morton.

Bottom club Stirling Albion were relegated to Division Two on 10 April after failing to beat Dundee.

Meanwhile, ninth-placed Cowdenbeath were relegated on 14 May after losing their play-off semi-final against Second Division side Brechin.

Livingston celebrate promotion
Livingston romped to the Second Division title

Livingston were crowned Division Two champions - earning them automatic promotion to Division One - after they won 3-0 at Stenhousemuir on 9 April.

Ayr United were promoted via the play-offs, beating Brechin City 3-2 on aggregate in their two-legged play-off final.

Bottom team Peterhead were relegated to Division Three on 23 April after losing 2-0 at home to East Fife while ninth-placed Alloa were relegated on 14 May after losing their play-off semi-final against Third Division side Annan.

Arbroath players break out the champagne
Arbroath secured the first honour in their 133-year history

Arbroath clinched the title on 23 April after beating Montrose 4-1 and will be promoted to Division Two.

Albion Rovers clinched the second promotion place after beating Annan Athletic 4-3 on aggregate in their two-legged play-off final.

There is no relegation from this division, but Clyde have finished as the bottom club in Scottish senior football this season after losing 3-0 at Stranraer on the final day of the season.

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Chesterfield rise to League One
22 Apr 11 |  Chesterfield
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27 Apr 11 |  League Two
Wycombe 3-1 Southend
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Stevenage 1-0 Torquay United
30 May 11 |  League Two
Crewe 2-0 Stockport
02 May 11 |  League Two
Lincoln City 0-3 Aldershot
09 May 11 |  League Two
Tamworth 0-3 Crawley Town
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AFC W'don 0-0 Luton (4-3 on pens)
22 May 11 |  Non League
Gateshead 2-0 Histon
09 Apr 11 |  Non League
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16 Apr 11 |  Non League
Altrincham 3-4 Eastbourne Boro
30 Apr 11 |  Non League
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13 Jun 11 |  Rushden & Diamonds
Win sees Alfreton claim promotion
23 Apr 11 |  Non League
AFC Telford 3-2 Guiseley
16 May 11 |  Non League
Braintree Town clinch promotion
23 Apr 11 |  Non League
Farnborough 2-4 Ebbsfleet United
15 May 11 |  Non League
Kilmarnock 1-5 Rangers
15 May 11 |  Scottish Premier
Champions League blow for Scots
19 Feb 10 |  Europe
Euro seedings boost for Scotland
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Motherwell 0-3 Celtic
21 May 11 |  Scottish Cups
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St Johnstone 1-0 Hamilton
10 May 11 |  Scottish Premier
Morton 0-2 Dunfermline
30 Apr 11 |  Scottish League
Dundee 1-1 Stirling Albion
10 Apr 11 |  Scottish League
Stenhousemuir 0-3 Livingston
09 Apr 11 |  Scottish League
Brechin City 1-2 Ayr United (2-3)
22 May 11 |  Scottish League
Peterhead 0-2 East Fife
23 Apr 11 |  Scottish League
Arbroath 4-1 Montrose
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Annan Ath 2-1 Albion Rovers (3-4)
02 Jun 11 |  Scottish League
Ups and downs
10 Jun 10 |  Football

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