Leeds have made a formal complaint to the Football League over three alleged illegal approaches by Chelsea.
The League has referred the complaint to the Football Association as it involves a Premier League club.
Leeds owner Ken Bates claims the Blues signed youngsters Michael Woods and Tom Taiwo after making illegal approaches.
He added that the Premiership champions - his former club - failed in their attempts to sign a third teenager, Danny Rose.
The FA will now discuss the situation with both leagues in a bid to establish the best way to proceed with the complaint.
Approach complaints like this are dealt with under competition rules, which is why Coca-Cola Championship club Leeds sent their official complaint to the Football League.
But Chelsea, a Premier League club, are accused - and so the Football League has to refer the case to the FA.
Between them, the three organisations must decide how to deal with the question of compensation due to Leeds for Woods and Taiwo.
Bates has already rejected a £200,000 offer from Chelsea, calling it "insulting".
The FA and the two leagues must also decide whether any disciplinary action should be taken against Chelsea if they are found to have broken the rules.
The Leeds chairman's accusations were published by a Sunday newspaper but Chelsea spokesman Simon Greenberg said: "We've always denied that an illegal approach was made for Woods, Taiwo and Rose.
"We made an approach to Leeds at the end of last year which they rejected.
Financial punishments will make no difference to Chelsea at all
"There was then a window of opportunity where the club could come in and make offers. Two of the players joined Chelsea."
Should Chelsea be found guilty of any wrongdoing, Bates is clear on how he wants the authorities to react.
He said: "Because of the financial strength of Chelsea's owner Roman Abramovich, financial punishments will make no difference to the club at all.
"We feel deduction of points, banning of registration of new players and suspension from European competition would be more appropriate.
"There are rules and if you refuse, consistently, to play by the rules, why should you be allowed to play in those competitions?"
Bates also made reference to how Chelsea, their manager Jose Mourinho and Arsenal's Ashley Cole were given record fines after being found guilty in the Premier League's tapping-up probe last year.
Chelsea were fined £300,000 and given a suspended three-point deduction.
Cole was handed a £100,000 fine, while Blues manager Jose Mourinho will have to pay £200,000.
All three were said to have breached league rules by secretly meeting, without Cole's club knowing, at a London restaurant on 27 January.
It led to bad relations between Arsenal and Chelsea, but the London clubs have recently opened talks over a legitimate deal for Cole.