Second Test, Calcutta, day one (stumps): South Africa 227-5 v India
Jacques Kallis hit his first century against India as South Africa reached 227-5 on day one of the second Test.
Kallis' ton was his 17th in Tests
Jaques Rudolph (61) joined Kallis in a third-wicket stand of 109 to lift the tourists from a difficult start.
But Rudolph was bowled by Zaheer Khan just before tea and he was followed back to the pavilion by debutant Hashim Amla and Boeta Dippenaar.
Both fell to the recalled Irfan Pathan, who earlier dismissed Graeme Smith for a duck, but Kallis was unbeaten on 103.
Zander de Bruyn, who scored 83 on debut in the drawn first Test, was 15 not out when bad light ended play for the day 6.3 overs ahead of schedule.
Both Pathan, with 3-61, and Zaheer, who took 2-46, bowled incisively on a wicket offering early seam movement.
Smith passed a late fitness test on Sunday after a car ran over his foot in a freak accident on Saturday.
But he quickly fell victim to Pathan, who returned to the Indian side after missing the last three Tests.
India celebrate their early success against South Africa
After his fellow opener Andrew Hall was dismissed, caught behind off Zaheer in the sixth over, Rudolph got into his stride.
Rudolph, batting with an off-stump guard, got into his
stride with four fluent boundaries and looked more solid as the
wicket became easier for batting after the first hour.
He and Kallis scored freely soon after lunch but slowed down
again with spinners Anil Kumble and Harbhajan Singh in operation.
Harbhajan was particularly impressive with his drift but it
was Khan, in his second spell, who finally uprooted Rudolph's
off-stump with a ball that nipped back.
Amla was elegant during his brief stay, hitting
four boundaries in his 24, but Pathan bowled him with a superb delivery
that pitched on leg-stump and hit off.
The 20-year-old Pathan then had vice-captain Dippenaar
caught behind with an away-swinger but Kallis held firm at the
other end, driving him through the covers to reach his 100.
India had made one change to the team at Eden Gardens bringing in Pathan for left-arm spinner Murali Kartik.
South Africa handed Amla his first cap while Justin Ontong was also preferred ahead of Martin van Jaarsveld and Robin Peterson.
India: Sourav Ganguly (captain), Virender Sehwag, Gautam
Gambhir, Rahul Dravid, Sachin Tendulkar, Venkatsai Laxman, Dinesh
Karthik, Anil Kumble, Harbhajan Singh, Irfan Pathan, Zaheer Khan.
South Africa: Graeme Smith (captain), Andrew Hall, Hashim Amla,
Jacques Kallis, Jacques Rudolph, Boeta Dippenaar, Zander de Bruyn,
Shaun Pollock, Justin Ontong, Thami Tsolekile, Makhaya Ntini.
Umpires: Daryl Harper, Simon Taufel (both Aus)