Third Ashes Test, Old Trafford, day one (stumps): England 341-5 v Australia
Michael Vaughan found form with a vengeance to hit the first ton of the Ashes series as England dominated day one of the third Test at Old Trafford.
Vaughan won the toss and propelled England to 341-5 with a majestic 166, overshadowing Shane Warne's feat in taking his 600th Test wicket.
Warne had Marcus Trescothick caught for 63, ending an England record 137-run stand at the ground with Vaughan.
Ian Bell, dropped on 18, was on 59, but Brett Lee (3-58) took two late wickets.
Kevin Pietersen was caught in the deep for 21 before nightwatchman Matthew Hoggard was bowled on the day's last ball to cap a mini-comeback for Australia.
Skipper Vaughan rode his luck after being dropped and bowled on a no-ball off successive Glenn McGrath balls on 41, and dropped again on 141, before falling to a catch in the deep.
Otherwise he was imperious, playing a knock that evoked memories of his man-of-the-series exploits in the last Ashes series.
Warne's 600th wicket was much-needed for Australia
It was a fine comeback after previous scores of 3-4-24-1 this series, and made the Australian attack work hard.
The visitors took a slight gamble playing Lee but a huge risk with McGrath, who just seven days ago was said to have torn ankle ligaments when stepping on a cricket ball.
Bare figures of 0-76 imply the move backfired, but they do not properly reflect the quality of his bowling. Of the four catches Australia dropped, three were off his bowling.
He was on the money from the outset and produced a fine eight-over opening spell that saw Trescothick dropped on 13 by keeper Adam Gilchrist, diving one-handed to his left.
Lee, too, showed no signs of the knee infection that saw him spend two nights in hospital.
He was fast and fierce to Andrew Strauss, who was rocked by a blow to the helmet and then hoodwinked by a slower ball which uprooted his off-stump.
McGrath had a luckless return to action from an ankle injury
It was the third innings in a row Strauss had failed to protect his stumps, and he was replaced by Vaughan, a colleague with similar problems.
But the introduction of Jason Gillespie released the pressure, and two boundaries in three balls gave the England skipper confidence, as did a sumptuous cover-drive to the fence.
England's second wicket pair stepped on the accelerator after lunch, with Trescothick taking 11 runs from one McGrath over and passing 50 with a straight-driven four off Gillespie.
McGrath bowled just five overs in the second session, and was fuming when Gilchrist spilled a high chance from Vaughan before over-stepping next ball only to send the England skipper's off-stump flying.
Warne, introduced in the 34th over, caused England few problems initially.
But the break came his way when Trescothick swept, gloved the ball onto his bat on the follow-through and was caught behind via Gilchrist's thigh.
It was a bizarre way to go, and stopped the left-hander three runs short of 5,000 in Test cricket.
The loss did little to quell Vaughan, who returned from tea still hungry.
He moved to 98 with a boundary off a Warne full-toss, and turned McGrath for three through mid-wicket to reach triple figures for the 15th time in Tests and fourth time against Australia.
Scoring was more sedate thereafter with Warne bowling around the wicket, but Australia were again lamenting bad catching when McGrath grassed a right-handed, but simple, return chance from Bell.
It took Bell 45 minutes to advance his score from 18 after being dropped, but with Vaughan feasting on all things Gillespie the youngster's inactivity did not hamper England.
Bell put his poor form behind him with a steady half-century
The runs started to flow again when Gillespie replaced McGrath, and again it was Vaughan who rubbed salt into Australian wounds.
Vaughan pulled the second ball of Gillespie's new spell majestically for six, and soon celebrated Matthew Hayden's drop at slip off Warne with three consecutive boundaries off the hapless paceman.
Gillespie was dragged from the attack after four overs which haemorrhaged 42 runs. All of them bar one were scored by Vaughan, who raced from 100 to 150 in 38 balls.
Simon Katich squandered a chance to run out Vaughan, but redemption was soon coming when the home skipper met him on the full and picked out McGrath at deep mid-on.
Bell grew in confidence as his innings went on, using his feet and sending Warne to the fence on each side of the wicket.
But this was not to be the day of Pietersen, who fell to a sucker punch when dispatching Lee, bowling with the second new ball, to Brad Hodge at deep mid-wicket.
Hodge was on the field for Michael Clarke, whose recurrence of a back injury in the second over proved ominous for Australia, even accounting for Lee's late flurry.