New Zealand were prevented from capitalising on a promising start by two more injuries to key bowlers.
In another remarkable stroke of ill fortune, Chris Martin limped off with a hamstring strain in only his second over.
With England floundering on 18-2, Stephen Fleming knew his team had a chance of dismissing England cheaply.
But Kyle Mills, in his first Test, then pulled a muscle in his rib cage, and when Daryl Tuffey came on as substitute fielder, he left a dressing room that literally did not contain a single fit player.
James Franklin is bowling well, but can he manage to stay fit?
So poor Fleming - already without a spinner - was left to juggle around with what remained on the field.
Marcus Trescothick and Michael Vaughan took the score to 128, and were merrily driving the ball all over Trent Bridge before Chris Cairns deceived Vaughan with a brilliantly disguised slower ball.
Twelve runs later, Trescothick edged James Franklin to slip for 63, and New Zealand had another opportunity at 140-4.
But, once again, the bowling was so profligate that Graham Thorpe and Andrew Flintoff, in particular, were not put under sufficient pressure.
Instead, the ball pinged off the boundary boards to the extent that 48 of Flintoff's 54 runs came in fours.
Eventually Cairns trapped him lbw to keep New Zealand in the hunt, but you wonder how this depleted New Zealand attack might manage to bowl England out in the second innings, without England batting extremely poorly.
Had New Zealand achieved their target of scoring at least 500 it could have been a different story.
Instead, they slipped from from an overnight 294-4 to be 384 all out.
Jacob Oram, Chris Cairns and Scott Styris all gifted their wickets by playing unnecessarily loose shots, Styris having played so well for his fourth Test century.
And when Brendon McCullum was caught by the juggling Matthew Hoggard at third man shortly after lunch, England knew they would not be chasing an imposing first innings total.
Hoggard then claimed his 100th Test wicket in rather controversial circumstances: Geraint Jones caught Mills for a duck so low to the ground that had it been referred to the third umpire, he would surely have given the batsman the benefit of the doubt.