First Test, Lord's, day two (stumps): England 246-2 v New Zealand 386
Andrew Strauss became the 15th England debutant to score a century as the home side took control of the first Test.
On his home ground, Strauss made a patient 112, falling with four overs left on day two at Lord's.
Mark Butcher (22) and night-watchman Matthew Hoggard (0) took the home side to 246-2 at stumps - 140 in arrears.
New Zealand's total of 386 was boosted by an 82-run blitz from Chris Cairns, who passed Viv Richards' to set a new career record for Test sixes with 86.
Strauss became the first England batsman to score a century on debut since Graham Thorpe in 1993, and the first to do it in his first Test innings since Jack Hampshire 35 years ago.
On a pitch offering some signs of uneven bounce, he scored particularly strongly through cover and midwicket against Kiwi pace bowling that lacked bite.
Trescothick took the lead early on, only opening up for successive boundaries off Chris Martin to pass 50 in 95 deliveries, with Strauss was not far behind.
The Middlesex captain overcame some early difficulty against spinner Daniel Vettori by getting down the wicket to the left-armer.
He only struggled against the tight medium-pace of Jacob Oram, who gained a deserved wicket when Trescothick got a thin edge to a delivery that left him.
Strauss was 89 not out at the time and took a further 46 minutes to reach three figures, punching the air with delight as the crowd rose in acclamation.
He escaped on 91 when an inside edge off Chris Martin hit the stumps but failed to dislodge the bails.
RECENT TONS ON ENGLAND DEBUT
Andrew Strauss 112 v New Zealand 2004
Graham Thorpe 114 not out v Australia 1993
Frank Hayes 106 not out v West Indies 1973
Jack Hampshire 107 v West Indies 1969
Arthur Milton 104 not out v New Zealand 1958
Vettori finally got his man courtesy of a bat-pad catch by Mark Richardson.
But the 27-year-old had already erased memories of the morning session, which Cairns dominated, scoring 82 of the 102 runs added for his highest score against England.
Steve Harmison claimed three wickets, including the dangerous Oram caught behind for 67 in the first full over of the day, to finish with 4-126.
Simon Jones added the scalp of Brendan McCullum - who played on for five - to his Thursday haul to record 3-82.
But the scoreboard kept moving at an alarming rate. Chris Martin hit a single run from six balls faced in a last-wicket stand of 48.
MOST 6s IN A TEST CAREER
86 Chris Cairns (NZ)
84 Viv Richards (WI)
70 Clive Lloyd (WI)
67 Ian Botham (Eng)
67 Gordon Greenidge (WI)
Cairns, who is to retire from Tests at the end of this series, reached 50 from 37 balls, including nine powerful boundaries around the wicket.
Immediately he smashed his first six in an over from Simon Jones that cost 14 runs in all.
The innings ended in a blur as the veteran hoisted two sixes off Flintoff to better Viv Richards' record then miscued a pull to fine leg.
But England kept calm heads to swing the advantage slowly back in the home side's favour.
Butcher appeared flustered, avoiding a strong lbw appeal by Darryl Tuffey when he had made 11, and faced 70 deliveries in all.
Hoggard blocked out 10 deliveries before stumps were drawn 40 minutes late.
England: M E Trescothick (capt), A J Strauss, M A Butcher, N Hussain, G P Thorpe, A Flintoff, G O Jones, A F Giles, M J Hoggard, S P Jones, S J Harmison.
New Zealand: S P Fleming (capt), M H Richardson, N J Astle, C D McMillan, S B Styris, C L Cairns, B B McCullum, D L Vettori, J D P Oram, D R Tuffey, C S Martin.