Lord's in the 1930s - a very different scene from the ground as it is today
By Jamie Lillywhite
When England take on Australia in the second Ashes Test at Lord's on Thursday they will be looking to wipe out 75 years of hurt.
For, incredibly, England's last win over their great rivals at the home of cricket was back in 1934.
There have been 18 matches since England's last win, with Australia winning nine of them, including five of the last six.
And that victory in 1934 was England's only success in the 20th Century.
ASHES TESTS AT LORD'S
England Won five
Australia Won 14
Drawn Tests 14
In the build-up to this year's match, England's players have been reminded about this dismal record almost as much as Andy Murray is told that no British man has won Wimbledon since Fred Perry in 1936.
It's almost as if the home of cricket intimidates the English players yet inspires the Australians.
But if Monty Panesar is a student of cricketing history he might well point the selectors in the direction of the scorecard from the 1934 Ashes match at Lord's.
For all the talk of pace and bounce in the wicket this year, and talk of Panesar being dropped despite his heroic efforts in the first Test draw, 75 years ago it was a slow left-arm bowler called Hedley Verity who helped to inspire an England victory.
Lord's first staged a Test match in 1884
Four years earlier in 1930 Australia compiled 729-6 declared, still the highest score in a Test at Lord's, to win by seven wickets, with Sir Donald Bradman making a double century.
Bradman also scored a double century in the final Test at The Oval as Australia won that series 2-1, but the 1934 Lord's Test represented a rare failure for the great man, who by this stage was captain.
Opposite number Wally Hammond won the toss and chose to bat, but he was dismissed for only two as England scored 293-5 on the opening day.
On day two, Maurice Leyland and Les Ames took their sixth-wicket partnership to 129, both scoring centuries as England mustered 440.
Audio highlights from 1934 - the last time England beat Australia at Lord's
By stumps, however, Australia had reached 192-2 with opener Bill Brown unbeaten on 102 on his Lord's debut, and only his third Test innings.
Bradman had been caught and bowled by Verity for 36, but Australia were still well placed going into Sunday's rest day.
But on the Monday Verity claimed six more wickets to finish with 7-61 as Australia were forced to follow on still 156 runs behind.
HIGHEST TOTALS AT LORD'S
729-6d Aus v Eng, 1930
682-6d SA v Eng, 2003
653-4d Eng v Ind, 1990
Verity ripped through the Australians again, taking 8-43, Bradman the third wicket to fall, caught behind for 13 as the tourists were all out for 118 to lose by an innings and 38 runs.
Yorkshire favourite Verity, who tragically died as a prisoner of war aged 38 in Italy in 1943, is the only bowler to capture 14 wickets in a day in Test cricket history.
He claimed 144 wickets in his 40 Tests and no England bowler has reached 100 in quicker time.
That total of 18 wickets falling in a day is not a Lord's record, with 19 seen twice, 21 going down in the England-West Indies match of 2000 and the highest a remarkable 27 in the Ashes Test of 1888.
Australia were to have the last laugh in that 1934 series, however, Bill Ponsford and Bradman both scoring huge double centuries as they thumped England by 562 runs to win the final Test at The Oval and secure a 2-1 victory.
Bradman's average as captain was lower than his legendary overall figure of 99.9, but it was still a rather stunning 90 and he scored 10 centuries in his 19 matches at the helm.
He played four Tests at Lord's, scoring 554 runs at an average of 78.
LOWEST TOTALS AT LORD'S
42 Ind v Eng, 1974
47 NZ v Eng 1958
53 Eng v Aus 1888
53 Aus v Eng 1896
Of all the major Test playing nations, the Australians have the highest percentage of victories at Lord's, winning 15 of their 34 Tests, and losing only five.
England have played 116 matches against 10 Test nations at Lord's, winning 43, losing 27 and drawing 46.
When it comes to Ashes matches on the hallowed turf, the record is far worse, with only five victories from 33 matches, four of those wins coming in the 19th century.
Former England captain Michael Vaughan enjoyed his time at Lord's, scoring six centuries from his 19 innings, matching a record first set by Graham Gooch.
Gooch is the only man to have scored a triple hundred in a Lord's Test, with Kent stalwart Rob Key one of 12 players to have made a double century.
MOST RUNS AT LORD'S
2,015 G Gooch (Eng), 39 inns
1,476 A Stewart (Eng), 37 inns
1,241 D Gower (Eng), 30 inns
Another Lord's record Gooch holds is the number of appearances, 21, with Australia's Syd Gregory's nine Tests between 1890-1912 the highest by a touring player.
For all his mountain of runs in county cricket, Mark Ramprakash holds an unwanted record, that of most ducks at Lord's.
Ramprakash played eight Tests on his former home ground and failed to trouble the scorers five times.
Australian seamer Glenn McGrath is the most successful overseas bowler at the ground, taking 26 wickets from only three Tests, with three five-wicket hauls.
The best match figures also belong to an Australian seamer, Bob Massie, who claimed 16-137 against England in 1972.
Massie claimed eight wickets in each innings in that match, while England all-rounder Ian Botham achieved eight twice in different matches, holding the best figures of 8-34 against Pakistan in 1978.
Alcatraz prison opened for business, the first Flash Gordon comic strip was published, bank robbers Bonnie and Clyde were killed by police in Louisiana, Italy beat Czechoslovakia 2-1 after extra-time to win the 1934 World Cup, and Adolf Hitler became Fuhrer of Germany.
It was a year when numerous showbusiness favourites were born: Tom Baker, Alan Bates, Barry Humphries, Eleanor Bron, Richard Chamberlain, Brian Glover, Shirley MacLaine, Alan Bennett, Brigitte Bardot and Judi Dench.
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