Third Test, Bangalore, day four (stumps):
India 449 & 25-0 v Pakistan 570 & 261-2d
Afridi was in blistering form with the bat in hand
Pakistan set up a potentially enthralling final day of the third and final Test in Bangalore after setting India 383 for victory.
India ended a day dominated by their rivals on 25-0, after Pakistan had declared on 261-2.
Shahid Afridi was the highlight of the day as he hit the joint second-fastest fifty in Test history, off 26 balls.
Yasir Hameed (77) and Younis Khan (84 not out) both scored more steadily for their fifties in a 92-run stand.
Their efforts left India facing a daunting prospect for victory.
Only two teams have ever successfully chased more than 250 runs batting last in a Test in India, West Indies last achieving the feat in 1987. And no team has ever scored more than 364 in a fourth innings in India.
India started day four on 379-6 but added just 70 runs to their overnight score, Danish Kaneria claiming his 10th five-wicket haul.
Three early wickets fell for 10 runs, with Kaneria (5-127) removing Harbhajan Singh and Lakshmipathy Balaji.
But VVS Laxman (79 not out) and Anil Kumble put on 53 for the last wicket before the latter was bowled by Afridi.
FASTEST TEST FIFTIES
Jacques Kallis - 24 balls
2004/5 v Zimbabwe - Cape Town
Shahid Afridi - 26 balls
2005 v India - Bangalore
Ian Botham - 26 balls
1981/2 v India - New Delhi
Yousuf Youhana - 27 balls
2002/3 v South Africa - Cape Town
Kapil Dev - 30 balls
1982/3 v Pakistan - Karachi
The tourists should have wrapped up India's innings on 415 with Kumble on six when Kamran Akmal spilled a regulation catch behind the stumps off Abdul Razzaq.
Pakistan, though, moved into the driving seat after Afridi's blistering start to the second innings.
He hit a total of eight boundaries and two sixes, as he raced to his half-century.
It was just two balls shy of Jacques Kallis's Test record, set earlier this year against Zimbabwe.
Afridi, though, was eventually the victim of his own ambition, stumped by Dinesh Karthik for 58 after storming down the wicket to Sachin Tendulkar.
After his departure, Pakistan's run-rate dropped considerably as Hameed and Younis gradually made their mark.
Hameed's 138-ball innings came to an abrupt end when he was trapped lbw by Anil Kumble and, after his departure, Younis lifted his run rate dramatically, unleashing a series of hefty groundstrokes.
He was ably supported by captain Inzamam-ul-Haq, who ended the innings unbeaten on 31.
The declaration brought Virender Sehwag and Gautam Gambhir to the crease and they both cut into the Pakistan bowling attack for the remaining seven overs of the day.
India: Sourav Ganguly (cpt), Virender Sehwag, Gautam Gambhir, Rahul Dravid, Sachin Tendulkar, VVS Laxman, Dinesh Karthik (wkt), Irfan Pathan, Anil Kumble, Harbhajan Singh, Lakshmipathy Balaji.
Pakistan: Inzamam-ul-Haq (cpt), Shahid Afridi, Yasir Hameed, Younis Khan, Yousuf Youhana, Asim Kamal, Abdul Razzaq, Kamran Akmal (wkt), Mohammad Sami, Danish Kaneria, Arshad Khan.
Umpires: Simon Taufel, Billy Bowden.