Bolt dominated the field in the men's sprint events in Beijing
Two team sprint showdowns between a Usain Bolt-led Jamaica and the best athletes from the United States will take place in 2010.
Two events - one in each country - are planned for May and June next year.
Men and women will race in the 100m, 200m and 400m, two hurdles distances, three relays and the long jump.
"We feel the stars will be aligned, literally and figuratively, next May and June for this to really take off," said US athletics chief Doug Logan.
"We will be working with the Jamaican federation, our athletes and other stakeholders over the next 12-plus months to put together a top-tier event," added Logan, the chief executive of USA Track and Field.
The Beijing Olympics last year showcased a showdown between Jamaican and US sprinters, with the former coming out on top.
Bolt was the undoubted star, outshining Americans Shawn Crawford and Walter Dix as he stormed to a gold and world record double in the men's 100m and 200m.
There were also gold medals for Jamaicans Shelly-Ann Fraser and Veronica Campbell-Brown in the women's 100 and 200m respectively, while Bolt helped Jamaica break the world record held by the United States in the men's 4x100m relay.
"We look forward to taking on our American friends in head-to-head competition in 2010," said Jamaican federation president Howard Aris.
"We are confident that this kind of team competition, featuring the most exciting events in athletics, will prove captivating to fans around the world."