American coaches whose athletes are sanctioned for doping could be penalised themselves under a revised USA Track and Field policy from 2007.
Gatlin tested positive for excessive levels of testosterone
The move after several high-profile US drugs cases, including a positive test by Olympic 100m champion Justin Gatlin.
Under the USATF policy, coaches could lose their accreditation to national championships, coaching stipends and national team positions.
However, the USATF cannot prohibit coaches from working with athletes.
The new policy requires coaches to register with the national governing body to receive USATF benefits.
These include stipends of $2,000 annually for any athlete ranked in the world top 10.
Coaches could be refused the benefits if a review panel finds them ineligible because of violations by their athletes.
"We can deny USATF benefits to those who may be influencing athletes to use drugs," said USATF chief executive officer Craig Masback in a statement.