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Page last updated at 15:42 GMT, Friday, 17 July 2009 16:42 UK
Save our Steel

Can you cut it in Steeltown?

The UK's steel industry is facing tough times as demand from the auto and construction sectors plummets. Take the Panorama steel quiz and find out how much you know about this vital product that shapes the way we live.

Corus steel plant in UK

1.) Multiple Choice Question

Which of these terms refers to the steel industry?

Port Talbot steel plant
  1. Eccentric bottom tapping
  2. Quickie rollover
  3. Hot molting slurp

2.) Multiple Choice Question

What world-renowned landmark is comprised of 79% British steel?

steel bridge
  1. The Golden Gate Bridge
  2. The Sydney Harbour Bridge
  3. The Empire State Building

3.) Multiple Choice Question

What percentage of recycled materials is in a ton of steel from America's largest producer?

Corus plant
  1. 45%
  2. 90%
  3. 19%

4.) Multiple Choice Question

What is the only product made in greater quantities than steel?

Steel furnace
  1. cement
  2. bread
  3. aluminium

5.) Multiple Choice Question

Who invented steel?

Steel innovator
  1. Origin unknown
  2. Englishman Henry Bessemer
  3. Frenchman Herve LeFusil

6.) Multiple Choice Question

Half the total amount of steel ever made in the world was produced over the past how many years?

Empire state building
  1. 75 years
  2. 25 years
  3. 50 years

7.) Multiple Choice Question

How much steel is made globally everyday?

Corus sign
  1. 2 million tonnes
  2. 3.5 million tonnes
  3. 12 million tonnes


  1. Eccentric bottom tapping is the process used to get 'bottom gunk' off the Electric Arc Furnace in a steelworks.
  2. Sydney's 503m bridge arch was built using steel from Middlesbrough and weighs 39006 tonnes.
  3. The US Steel corporation uses a whopping 90% recycled materials in its production. Steel scrap is the most recycled material on the planet.
  4. Cement is the only product made in greater quantities. Steel is a bigger industry than aluminium, copper, lead, nickel and zinc combined.
  5. There is evidence of steel production as early as 200 BC but the inventor is not known. Briton Henry Bessemer is generally credited with the invention of the first technique to mass produce steel in the mid 1850s, now known as the Bessemer Process.
  6. Half of the world's total steel production happened since 1984.
  7. If 3.5 million tonnes of steel was solidified into 1-metre cubes, it would fill the entire pitch at Wembley Stadium and tower more than 60 metres high.

Your Score

0 - 1 : You're scrap metal!

2 - 3 : You've got the raw materials

4 - 5 : No dents in your steely determination

Panorama: Save our Steel is on BBC One, Monday 20 July at 8.30pm.


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