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Page last updated at 11:09 GMT, Monday, 30 March 2009 12:09 UK
The Northern Ireland Archives: Battle of the Bogside

Panorama has reported from Northern Ireland from the early days of the civil rights movement in 1968, through over 30 years of the Troubles to the more peaceful situation of today.

You can watch abridged moments from one of those films below.

August 1969 saw the Bogside housing estate in Derry descend into three days of violent rioting following the annual Apprentice Boys march. Panorama watched events unfold

Operation Banner, the name given to the British Army's operation in Northern Ireland began in 1969 after Catholics, aggrieved at conditions in the region had started demonstrating for civil rights and equality.

The longest British Army campaign to date came about after a violent reaction to a march by the Apprentice Boys as they filed past the perimeter of Londonderry's Catholic Bogside area.

The Apprentice Boys hold their annual march to commemorate the 1689 defence of the city against the army of the Catholic King James II.

The three days of rioting which followed became known as the Battle of the Bogside; Panorama watched events unfold in the Bogside. The riots ended with direct British intervention when four hundred British soldiers were deployed on the streets of Derry.

Operation Banner would last another 38 years.

With the upsurge in violence, the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) emerged from the existing Irish Republican Army (IRA). Formed in 1919, the IRA had long been dormant and as the violence worsened, it was accused of failing to defend the Catholic community.

After PIRA emerged it later became known simply as the IRA.


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