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1950: Princess gives birth to second child

VIDEO : News of the birth of Princess Anne

The heir to the throne, Princess Elizabeth, has given birth to a daughter at Clarence House in London.

Details of the baby's arrival have been posted on the gates of Clarence House, on a board outside the Home Office in Whitehall and at Mansion House in the City.

The baby weighed exactly 6lb (2.7kg) at birth. She was delivered at 1150. Mother and baby are said to be doing well.

The Queen was seen arriving at Clarence House about five minutes before the baby was born. She returned later in the day for a second visit, lasting about two hours.

Royal salute

The Princess gave birth to her son, Prince Charles, almost two years ago. He was born at Buckingham Palace - since then the Princess has moved with her family to Clarence House.

The Duke of Edinburgh toasted the new princess' health in champagne with his staff.

He then telephoned Balmoral Castle where the King was shooting on the moors. A special messenger was despatched to find him and give him the good news.

The Duke's mother, Princess Andrew of Greece, received the news at Kensington Palace where she is staying with the Dowager Marchioness of Milford Haven, the Duke's grandmother.

The Royal Salute was fired at 1530 in Hyde Park by the King's Troop of the Royal Horse Artillery. According to tradition, the case of the first round fired will be engraved and sent to Princess Elizabeth.

Messages of congratulation have begun to pour into Clarence House. They have come from all parts of Britain and the Commonwealth and many countries overseas.

It was night time when the news reached Australia. In theatres, cinemas and nightclubs people stood and cheered as the announcement was given on the stage or flashed on the screen.

In the United States, radio announcers broke into programmes to give news of the birth. Afternoon newspapers in New York splashed the news across the front pages, displacing news from Korea.

In Context
On 29 August 1950, the name of the new princess was announced: Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise. Her official title was Princess Anne of Edinburgh.

She took her middle names from relatives: Elizabeth was after her mother and grandmother, Alice from Princess Alice of Battenberg - the Duke of Edinburgh's mother, Louise was the name of the eldest daughter of King Edward VII - her great-great grandfather.

The Westminster Registrar went to Clarence House to complete the birth certificate. After the Duke had signed the document, he was given his daughter's identity card, a ration book and bottles of cod-liver oil and orange juice.

Princess Elizabeth's diary of public engagements for the autumn was cut back. After the birth of Princess Anne, her first official duty was planned for 19 October at the Royal College of Music.

Just 18 months after Anne's birth, King George VI died and Elizabeth became Queen.

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