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1976: Queen opens National Theatre in London
The Queen has officially opened the National Theatre on the South Bank in London after years of delays.

The building, designed by Sir Denys Lasdun, is made up of three theatres. Two, the Olivier and the Lyttleton, are already open with a third, the Cottlesloe, expected to open next year.

Bands, fanfares, an outdoor carnival and fireworks greeted the large crowds who turned out despite the pouring rain.

Funding problems

In 1951 the Queen laid a foundation stone at the site next to the Festival Hall. Official building work did not start until 1969 following a series of funding problems.

The theatre complex was expected to open in 1973 but was delayed due to construction problems.

Before unveiling a commemorative plaque the Queen said: "It stands as a tribute to all those who dreamt of it; to those who argued and fought for it; to those who designed and built it; and to those who founded and developed its famous company.

"I know it is the determination of the National Theatre Company to fill this building with that special type of magic that only the theatre can provide," she said.

Accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh, she then watched a performance of Goldoni's comedy Il Campiello.

Laurence Olivier, former director of the National Theatre, after whom the main theatre is named, welcomed visitors with a quote from Henry V.

"It is an outsize pearl of British understatement to say that I am happy to welcome you at this moment in this place," he said.

The National Theatre Company was previously based at the Old Vic in London where it was a resident from 1962.

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National Theatre
The theatre should have opened in 1973

The Queen: "Tribute to all those who dreamt of it"

In Context
The theatre's name was changed to the Royal National Theatre in 1988 to mark the 25th anniversary of the company's first performance.

The Cottlesloe theatre was finally opened in March 1977. It closed briefly in 1985 due to lack of funding.

In 1976 an unofficial strike over pay and work conditions closed all three theatres. The strikers were eventually dismissed and the whole incident cost the company 250,000.

Laurence Olivier, Peter Hall, Richard Eyre and Trevor Nunn have all held the post of director of the National Theatre. Nicholas Hytner took the helm in 2003.

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