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1979: Queen oversees Manx millennium
The Queen has presided over the 1000th annual open-air sitting of the Isle of Man's Parliament, Tynwald.

According to Manx tradition, the Queen is the Lord of Mann, but she is only the second British monarch to fulfil this duty in person. The last was her father King George VI in 1945

The ancient rituals of the Manx National Day began as soon as the Queen arrived at Ronaldsway Airport when she was given a piece of silver fern to ward off evil spirits.

Regal pageantry

At Tynwald, St John's, the royal party was greeted by crowds of well-wishers, a 21-gun salute and a Guard of Honour.

Dressed in a fuchsia pink coat and pale pink turban Her Majesty took her place on Tynwald Hill to witness the traditional ceremonies.

The hill is a distinctive four-tiered, circular mound that hosts and symbolizes the Manx Government - the oldest continuous parliament in the world.

After the Acts of Tynwald had been read out the Queen presented staves of office to the 24 members of the House of Keys - the lower elected parliament - and received petitions from the public.

Before leaving the former Viking island the Queen attended a church service and opened a school.

She presented the Manx people with a simple cross and a pair of silver falcons given to her on behalf of Tynwald.

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Watch/Listen
Photograph of Tynwald Hill in the Isle of Man
The Manx Parliament has met on the four-tiered Tynwald Hill for 1000 years

Footage of the ceremony with commentary from BBC's Eric Robson


Facts on Man
The Isle of Man has been a Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom since 1765.
Tynwald is a direct legacy from the island's Viking ancestry, which dates back to 800AD. The outdoor midsummer session remains virtually unchanged from this date.
It is an opportunity for the Manx people to hear the laws of the land proclaimed, to seek justice and air their grievances.
The island was under Norse rule until 1266 when it was ceded to the Scottish kings. In 1405 it passed to the Stanley family from Lancashire until 1736.
Their relatives, the Dukes of Atholl, retained the IOM until it was re-vested in the British Crown.
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