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1993: Failed Bosnian ceasefire threatens peace
The latest UN ceasefire in Bosnia has been broken with shelling from both sides in Sarajevo.

A disappointed UN spokesman, Barry Brewer, said Serbian troops were firing around 13 times as many projectiles as Muslim forces but less than previous days.

Serbian guns began firing on the UN base at Zetra in Sarajevo minutes after the truce came into place at 1000 BST.

Nobody at the base - close to the city's main hospital - was injured, but at least two UN armoured personnel carriers were destroyed and 38 people were killed elsewhere.

The "cease offensive" is a prerequisite for the peace conference due to take place in Geneva in two days.

Peace postponed

Continued bombardment has caused talks to be postponed twice in the last week because Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovich has refused to participate until there is a break in the fighting.

Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic has said he will only join peace negotiations if the president is there.

French UN troops in Zetra counted 68 artillery rounds in a bombardment from the Serb-controlled Poljine hillside base, lasting an hour.

One UN officer described it as "a deliberate attack", after 150 French soldiers moved to the base a few days ago, claiming their old accommodation at Skenderija was too small.

Bosnian government arsenals are also kept in the Zetra complex - built as a speed skating stadium for the 1984 Winter Olympics - and some of their mortar troops have been trained there.

It is unclear whether the Geneva talks, scheduled for Tuesday, will continue in the light of today's attacks.

The negotiations have been set up to discuss a joint Serb-Croat plan for the division of Bosnia along ethnic lines.

European Community negotiator and co-chair of the talks Lord Owen is in favour of the plan because he believes it will bring peace to a region suffering from 16 months of civil war.

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UN tank on patrol
The UN continues to be targeted by Serb forces

BBC jeep drawn into action on a Sarajevo road

In Context
The UN-sponsored Geneva peace conference did go ahead on 27 July with leaders of the three warring factions - Serb, Croat and Muslim.

Four days later the mainly Muslim Bosnian leadership accepted the outlines of a three way partition of the country along ethnic lines, to create a 'Union of Republics'.

There was an immediate ceasefire for the details of the plan to be worked out, but talks stalled within weeks over continued Serbian aggression.

Throughout August 1993 tension mounted between the UN and Nato over air strikes, to protect peacekeeping forces and to counter Serbian aggression.

Conflict in Bosnia continued until peace was finally agreed in Dayton, Ohio in December 1995.

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