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1986: Seven dead in space shuttle disaster
The American space shuttle, Challenger, has exploded killing all seven astronauts on board.

The five men and two women - including the first teacher in space - were just over a minute into their flight from Cape Canaveral in Florida when the Challenger blew up.

The astronauts' families, at the airbase, and millions of Americans witnessed the world's worst space disaster live on TV.

The danger from falling debris prevented rescue boats reaching the scene for more than an hour.

In 25 years of space exploration seven people have died - today that total has been doubled.

President Ronald Reagan has described the tragedy as "a national loss".

The Challenger's flight, the 25th by a shuttle, had already been delayed because of bad weather. High winds, then icicles caused the launch to be postponed from 22 January.

But Nasa officials insist safety remains their top priority and there was no pressure to launch the shuttle today.

The shuttle crew was led by Commander Dick Scobee, 46. Christa McAuliffe, 37, married with two children, was to be the first school teacher in space - picked from among 10,000 entries for a competition.

Speaking before the launch, she said: "One of the things I hope to bring back into the classroom is to make that connection with the students that they too are part of history, the space programme belongs to them and to try to bring them up with the space age."

President Reagan has put off his state of the union address. He was meeting senior aides in the Oval Office when he learned of the disaster.

We will never forget them
US President Ronald Reagan
He has called for an immediate inquiry into the disaster but he said the space programme would go on - in honour to the dead astronauts. Vice-President George Bush has been sent to Cape Canaveral to visit the victims' families.

This evening, the president went on national television to pay tribute to the courage and bravery of the seven astronauts.

He said: "We will never forget them, nor the last time we saw them this morning as they prepared for their journey and waved goodbye and slipped the surly bonds of earth to touch the face of God."

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Space shuttle Challenger exploding
The explosion was witnessed by millions on live TV

Footage of the Challenger disaster as it happened

President Reagan pays tribute to lost astronauts

In Context
A memorial service was held three days later, in Houston, Texas, for the seven crew. It was addressed by President Reagan.

The Rogers commission reported on the cause of the Challenger disaster in May. It found the explosion had been caused by a leak through a faulty seal or O-ring in one of the solid rocket boosters.

The Challenger disaster was a severe blow to the American space programme. There were no further manned flights until September 1988.

On 1 February 2003 the space shuttle Columbia exploded as it was attempting re-entry after a 16-day mission.

All seven astronauts on board, including the first Israeli in space, were killed.

Tributes to the astronauts were led by US President George W Bush.

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