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1992: Labour's Neil Kinnock resigns
Neil Kinnock has resigned as Labour leader following the party's defeat by the Conservatives in the general election three days ago.

His deputy Roy Hattersley has also said he will step down.

Both men will continue in their positions until their successors are chosen in June.

In a sombre statement read out in the Shadow Cabinet room at Westminster, he pinned the blame on Labour's demise firmly on newspapers sympathetic to the Conservatives.

Tory press under fire

He quoted former treasurer of the Conservative Party, Lord McAlpine, who said in yesterday's Sunday Telegraph: "The heroes of this campaign were Sir David English, Sir Nicholas Lloyd, Kelvin MacKenzie and the other editors of the grand Tory Press."

Mr Kinnock gave this warning to the victorious Conservative Party - "This was how the election was won and if the politicians, elated in their hour of victory, are tempted to believe otherwise, they are in very real trouble next time."

Watched by his wife Glenys, he added: "My sorrow is that millions...will suffer because of the election of another Conservative Government."

Mr Kinnock has lead his party in opposition for nine years and has persuaded it to abandon some of its more unpopular policies, such as unilateral nuclear disarmament and widespread nationalisation.

Labour's National Executive meet tomorrow to decide a timetable for election of the new leader.

Likely candidates are shadow chancellor John Smith, favoured by the unions, and Bryan Gould, shadow environment minister.

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Neil Kinnock
Neil Kinnock has changed the Labour Party over the last nine years

Kinnock bids farewell to the leadership

In Context
The son of a miner, Neil Kinnock studied at University College, Cardiff.

He entered Parliament as an MP in 1970 and after Labour's defeat in the 1979 elections, he became the party's education spokesperson.

He was elected party leader in 1983 after Labour's worst defeat in 65 years.

In 1992, the Tories defeated Labour once more as many voters doubted Mr Kinnock's ability to lead the nation. He was succeeded by John Smith.

Mr Kinnock became a member of the European Commission in 1995 and its vice-president in 1999.

In 2000 he announced plans to rid the Commission of corruption, malpractice and waste.

He retired from the European Commission in 2004.

On 31 January 2005 he was made a life peer to be known as Baron Kinnock of Bedwellty

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