Quick Guide: Northern Ireland conflict
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Conflict's core

Origins

The 'Troubles' begin

Violence on all sides

Peace in sight

Fragile future?

Peace in sight
Copies of the peace deal were sent to every household

In the early 1990s negotiations took place between political parties and the British and Irish governments.

After several years of talks IRA and loyalist ceasefires held and in 1998 the "Good Friday" agreement was signed.

It set up a power-sharing executive, with ministerial posts distributed by party strength, and elected assembly.

The deal was backed by voters in referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic, which scrapped its constitutional claim to the north.