Quick Guide: Northern Ireland conflict
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Conflict's core

Origins

The 'Troubles' begin

Violence on all sides

Peace in sight

Fragile future?

The 'Troubles' begin
The civil rights movement's demands included fair allocation of public housing

In 1969 Catholic civil rights marches and counter-protests by Protestant loyalists (as in "loyal" to the British Crown) spiralled into violent unrest.

British troops were sent in but soon came into conflict with the Provisional IRA (Irish Republican Army).

Loyalist paramilitary groups responded with a campaign of sectarian violence against the Catholic community.

As the situation worsened, Northern Ireland's parliament was suspended and direct rule imposed from London.