Quick Guide: Northern Ireland conflict
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Conflict's core

Origins

The 'Troubles' begin

Violence on all sides

Peace in sight

Fragile future?

Origins
The 1916 rebellion lacked popular support, but public sympathy grew after its leaders were executed

Since the 12th Century constant revolts challenged the often brutal British rule of Ireland, climaxing in the 1916 Easter Uprising in Dublin.

It sparked a chain of events leading to civil war and partition of the island.

In the south 26 counties formed a separate state, while six counties in the north stayed within the UK.

Over successive decades the Catholic minority there suffered discrimination over housing and jobs, which fuelled bitter resentment.