Quick Guide: Northern Ireland conflict
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Conflict's core


The 'Troubles' begin

Violence on all sides

Peace in sight

Fragile future?

Conflict's core

The conflict in Northern Ireland, which has killed thousands, has political and religious roots that are centuries old.

In modern times the conflict is centred on opposing views of the area's status.

Some people in Northern Ireland, especially the mainly Protestant Unionist community, believe it should remain part of the United Kingdom.

Others, particularly the mainly Catholic Nationalist community, believe it should leave the UK and become part of the Republic of Ireland.