Quick Guide: The Chechen conflict
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History

Russia's defeat

Rebel tactics

Politics

Islam

Brutality

Rebel tactics
Rebels move around on mountain paths beneath the forest canopy

Russia's huge military presence in Chechnya has driven rebels underground and into mountain hideaways.

But they continue guerrilla warfare against Russian troops and Chechnya's pro-Moscow government, while staging sporadic attacks around Russia.

With time, their suicide bombings and hostage-taking raids have become increasingly bloody and desperate.

Radicals have become even more powerful after the killing of the moderate rebel leader, Aslan Maskhadov, in 2005.