Quick Guide: DR Congo
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A deadly war

Rwanda's role

Assassination

Peace deal

Conflict zones

Poverty

Assassination

Rwanda, Uganda, Burundi and Congolese rebels fought against President Kabila's government, while Zimbabwe, Angola, Namibia came to his defence.

The UN accused the warring parties of deliberately prolonging the war as they looted gold, diamonds and other goods.

The murder of Laurent Kabila in 2001 and the succession of his son, Joseph, helped speed up moves towards peace.

Donors warned Rwanda and Uganda to pull out or risk losing aid. Most foreign troops finally left in 2002.