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EDITIONS
League Tables

England secondary schools
Your guide to these listings

The lists show England's maintained and independent secondary schools, excluding special schools.

They are listed in three ways: alphabetically, and ranked on key indicators from their GCSE/GNVQ results and their A/AS-level results for 2002.

In the rankings, the exam performance on which the ranking is based is shown alongside the ranking achieved.

Smaller schools with fewer than 30 candidates are not ranked, although for completeness they are included in the lists.

Independent schools have (IND) after their name, selective schools have (SEL).

To distinguish between schools with the same name the lists also give their location.

Clicking on any establishment's name in the lists takes you to a page showing its results and other information.

Page-by-page

After the school's name and address comes information about its TYPE and admissions policy.

What all those codes mean:

AC - Academy school (City Academy) - independent state schools in which sponsors invest in the building or modernisation of the premises and the state meets essential running costs. CY - Community school (formerly county school) - maintained by the local education authority (LEA), which is responsible for the school's admissions policy.
VA - Voluntary aided maintained by the LEA, with a foundation (generally religious) which appoints most of the governing body. The governing body is usually responsible for the school's admissions policy.
VC - Voluntary controlled school - maintained by the LEA, with a foundation (generally religious) which appoints some governors.
FD - Foundation school (usually formerly grant-maintained) - may have a foundation (generally religious) which appoints some of the governors. Maintained by the education authority but decides its own admissions policy.
CTC - City Technology College or City College for the Technology of the Arts - an earlier form of Academy School.
IND - Independent school - mostly fee-paying.
COMP - Comprehensive - takes all pupils, usually regardless of their ability, aptitude, or whether they have been selected for a place at a selective school.
MOD - Modern - takes pupils regardless of their ability or aptitude and who have not been selected for a place at a selective school.
SEL - Selective - takes pupils depending on their ability or aptitude.
NONSEL - Non-selective: independent school which takes pupils usually regardless of their ability or aptitude.
BOYS, GIRLS, MIXED - shows whether or not the school is single sex.
The age range is self-explanatory.

In addition, some schools have a "specialist" status:

T - technology
L - languages
S - sports
A- arts
B - business and enterprise
E - engineering
SC - science
M - mathematics and computing.

The Absence figure is the percentage of half days missed by pupils due to unauthorised absence: "negligible" means less than 0.05%, and "NR" means the school did not provide the information.

The school's results are presented as graphs as well as in figures. The graphs allow a quick comparison between the school's results and the highest ranking school in that category this year, as well as showing local and national averages where applicable.

For the GCSE/GNVQs, the results for the previous three years are also listed.

Independent schools choose whether or not to be included in the performance tables. They do not have a local education authority (LEA) but are grouped with other schools in their geographical area.

The averages for an area are for the state schools in the relevant LEA. The national averages do include independent schools.

NA in the tables indicates that there is no data or that the category is not applicable.

The reasons for this vary: for example, it might be a new school this year - or, in historical data, did not exist at the time - or did not have any relevant exam entries.

The results

The A/AS-level shows the average point score per exam entry. On the graph, "top" is 115.1 points.

This relates to students aged 16, 17 or 18, at the end of their second year of A-level study, entered for at least one A-level or Vocational A-level (single or double award).

The points are those used by the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (Ucas). Because this "tariff" is new, comparisons cannot be made with previous years, which is why only one year's results are given and there is no "trend".

As an example, an A-level grade A scores 120 points, an AS-level grade A is 60 points.

Most people study for AS-levels in their first year then A-levels in the second. The results for the two most recent years are given - though where someone did an AS and an A-level in the same subject, only the A-level is counted.

An A-level is one "entry", an AS is half an entry, a double award is two entries. For each institution, students' total points are added up and divided by the total number of "entries".

In the rankings, ties are broken on the number of entrants - more is better - then alphabetically.

The GCSE/GNVQ figure is the traditional measure - the percentage of pupils who achieved five or more GCSEs at grades A* to C, or their GNVQ equivalents.

The DfES defines the group as being those who were 15 at the start of the academic year, but counts their results from whenever they were taken even if they have since moved to a different school.

As a tie-break in the listings, schools achieving the same rank are further ranked on the number of pupils eligible to sit the GCSEs - it is harder to get a larger number through at a higher level - and are then listed alphabetically.

The number "eligible" to take the exams is followed by the percentage of them with special educational needs (SEN), with or without statements.

The Key Stage 3 results - from the tests in English, maths and science taken by 14 year olds - are published nationally for the first time this year.

We have given the "average point score", calculated by dividing the total number of points achieved by all pupils, by the number eligible for assessment.

OU indicates an independent school which opted not to have its Key Stage 3 results published.

New "value added" measure

The published results incorporate two complex measures designed to show the progress made by a single group of children.

This is done by comparing their achievements with those of other pupils nationally who had the same or similar prior attainment.

The pupils' individual scores are averaged to give a score for the school as a whole, represented as a number based around 100.

The KS2 to KS3 VALUE indicates progress from the national curriculum tests at the age of 11 (at the end of primary school) to those taken last year at the age of 14.

The range - shown as "bottom" to "top" in our graph - is from 92 to 107.4.

The KS3 to GCSE/GNVQ VALUE tracks a different set of pupils from their test results at age 14 to when they took their GCSE or GNVQ exams last year.

The "bottom" to "top" range is 80.7 to 116.

The Department for Education says that if every pupil in a school achieved the median (middle) outcome for pupils with their level of prior attainment, the school would score 100.

For the KS2 to KS3 measure, a score of 101 means that on average each of the school's pupils made one sixth of a National Curriculum level (one term) more progress than the median.

A score of 99 means they made a term's less progress.

For the KS3 to GCSE/GNVQ measure, a score of 101 means that on average each of the school's pupils achieved one extra GCSE/GNVQ point than the median - a grade higher in one subject.

A score of 99 means they achieved one fewer GCSE/GNVQ point - a grade lower.

Validity

At KS2 to KS3, for schools with 50 or more eligible pupils, scores of 99.1 to 100.9 are "broadly average" while for schools with more than 100 pupils, scores of 99.3 to 100.7 are broadly average.

At KS3 to GCSE/GNVQ, for schools with 50 or more eligible pupils, scores of 95.8 to 100.8 are broadly average while for schools with 100+ pupils, scores of 96.5 to 100.1 are broadly average.

OU indicates an independent school which opted not to have its Key Stage 3 results published.

A gate symbol, "#", means the value added score has been suppressed by the department because the results of less than half the pupils were included in the calculation.

In this first year of the new value added measure we have not used it to produce overall rankings for all schools.

For 2003, the department says, data will be available tracking an entire year group from Key Stage 2 through to their GCSEs - allowing for the first time a single, "all through" measure of their progress.



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ENGLAND RANKINGS
GCSE/GNVQ
A/AS-LEVEL
TOP PRIMARY SCHOOLS

SCOTLAND RANKINGS
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Results are not published for Wales and Northern Ireland
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