Heavy industry left South Yorkshire in the 1980s and 1990s. We take a look at some of the former industrial sites around the county to find out what has happened to them since then.
Parkgate in Rotherham is a 562,000 square foot retail park on the site of the old Parkgate Steelworks. Heavy industry had been at Parkgate since the 1880s but demand for metal changed and the site wound up between 1970 and 1985.
The retail park is a mile north of Rotherham town centre, a few miles from the M1 and M18 with rail links and a canal nearby. Parkgate employs 2000 people in over 30 shops but many local people and shopkeepers say at the sacrifice of Rotherham town centre.
Meadowhall Shopping Centre is on the site of what was once one of Sheffield's biggest and most famous former steelworks, Hadfield's. In its heyday, Hadfield's produced 200,000 tonnes of steel per year and employed 15,000 people.
Hadfield's had been on the site at Tinsley since 1897. When it closed in the early 1980s planners realised something big had to take its place to save the area from becoming a depressing pit of unemployment. The result was Meadowhall Shopping Centre.
Once the biggest shopping centre in Europe, Meadowhall was built in the late 1980s and opened in 1990 with its own tram terminus, train and bus stations. It employs 7000 people but has been blamed for the closure of many shops in Sheffield and Rotherham.
Opencast mining of the 750 acre National Coal Board site in the Rother Valley began in 1976. Nearly two million tonnes of high quality coal were mined before it closed in 1981. Once mining ended the plan was to make the land into a park for local people.
Slag heaps from the former Brookhouse Colliery now form the hills of a golf course with stunning views across South Yorkshire. Rother Valley Country Park opened in May 1983.
The old mill and farm buildings were restored and Rother Valley Country Park is now popular for wildlife conservation and recreation, particularly water sports.
The Park's regeneration cost £4m and was funded by the Countryside Commission, the Sports Council and councils in Rotherham, Sheffield and North East Derbyshire. It now sees 750,000 visitors a year and is managed and financed by Rotherham Borough Council.
Old Moor RSPB wetland centre was once an important colliery at the heart of the Dearne Valley. It was opened as a wetland centre by Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council in 1998 as part of the regeneration of the industrial Dearne Valley.
The development of the old colliery into a wetland centre was helped by a National Lottery grant in 2002. The RSPB took over the management of the site from Barnsley Council in 2003.
The collieries shut down in the late 1980s and 1990s. Now Old Moor RSPB reserve has 95,000 visitors a year. The popular Trans Pennine Trail runs alongside Old Moor.
The government invested £68m of public money into a regeneration programme to turn the Manvers area into a business park when the coalfield nearby closed in 1988. It has since drawn £425m from the private sector and provided over 9500 jobs.
Manvers Business Park is directly over the road from the RSPB wetland centre, Old Moor. Although it has been a success, Tim O'Connell of of Rotherham Investment & Development says it took 20 years for the Manvers enterprise to get to the stage it's at now.
"It was a difficult sell in the early days, a huge site with nothing but wind and rain," recalls Tim O'Connell. "It was difficult to get people to envisage what it would be like but it was much easier once three Korean technology firms came on-board."
Twenty miles down the road another business park on a former colliery site is not faring so well. Markham Vale near Chesterfield had millions poured into its regeneration since 2006. Four years on there are only 87 jobs on site out of the promised 5000.
But Tim O'Connell, who deals with the successful Manvers business park says those teething problems are to be expected: "People need to recognise it's a long process, not over night. It's early doors for Markham Vale and the momentum has to get going."
"Businesses are having a difficult time, cutting their costs," Tim O'Connell told BBC Sheffield in August 2010. "Hopefully when things pick up Markham Vale is there, well-located with a lot going for it. I'm sure it will be a success eventually."
The rail industry developed around Doncaster in the 19th century. Railway lines fragmented the land making it hard to farm. Coal from Rossington Colliery beneath the reserve caused subsidence and nearby coal depots kept the railway lines very busy.
But the railway lines were used less and less as coal mining wound down in the 1980s. The tracks still divide the reserve but visitors can safely cross at certain points to reach the rail-locked areas.
Potteric Carr, a couple of miles south-west of Doncaster town centre, is Yorkshire Wildlife Trust's flagship reserve with over 30,000 visitors year. It is a 500 acre site of open water, marsh and woodland squeezed between a mainline rail link and the M18.
The M18 motorway can be seen from the peace and quiet of the reserve. A flood relief scheme exists to protect the nearby residential areas around Doncaster from flooding, and there are plans to increase Potteric Carr nature reserve even further.
Orgreave coking plant between Rotherham and Sheffield, was the site of the most violent clash between picketing miners and police during the year-long Miners Strike in 1984-5.
Five thousand miners gathered outside Orgreave to stop British Steel's coke convoys leaving the plant. They were met by police from ten counties. Forty one police officers and 28 strikers were injured in fierce clashes.
Smoke bombs, bricks and stones were thrown and fencing was torn up. Lesley Boulton, pictured left, was a member of Sheffield Women Against Pit Closures. She was almost hit by this mounted policeman's baton, but she escaped unscathed.
In 2010 the government supported plans to develop the former opencast mining land at Orgreave. Now Rotherham Council are considering plans for 4000 houses, shops, a hotel, retail and leisure facilities on the 575 acre site.
Cllr David Pickering is Chair of Rotherham Planning Board. In 2010 he told BBC Sheffield: "Drainage lakes have been created and public access to the site is available. Now we can look forward to issuing permission and dealing with future applications."
Centenary Riverside is a 12.5 acre nature reserve on the site of the old Templeborough steel works near Magna Science Museum in Rotherham. Steel Henge, a replica of Stone Henge but made of 60 tonne cast iron ingots, stands at the centre of the park.
The Centenary Riverside park doubles as a flood plain for the River Don. It's at the centre of Rotherham's £15m flood alleviation scheme, relieving the risk of a repeat of June 2007's flooding in the town centre.
The site was originally a foundry known locally as the Seven Sisters on account of its seven chimneys. These deck-chair sculptures symbolise the Seven Sisters.
Centenary Riverside is Sheffield Wildlife Trust's 10th nature reserve and part of the £2m Rotherham Renaissance project to regenerate the town centre and bring the riverfront back into use. These lumps of concrete are from the steel works' casting floor.
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