Mary, Queen of Scots pictured at the age of 16 in 1558 - the year she was married to the Dauphin of France, the future King Francis II. Painting in the Devonshire Collection, by an unknown artist. Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty.
Mary spent most of her 19 years captivity at Sheffield Castle (where Castle Market is now) with periods at the Manor Lodge. You may have seen parts of the building in the middle of the Manor housing estate, just off City Road. © Mike Wililams.
Names relating to the story of Mary, Queen of Scots crop up all over Sheffield. The Scottish Queen was a pub on Park Hill; there's Queens Road, Talbot and Shrewsbury Roads (Mary lived with George Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury) - and others.
Mary wrote to friends, supporters, nobility, kings and queens during her captivity, campaigning for her release. This letter to the Laird of Barnbarroch in 1571 is usually held at Sheffield Archives. It's on show at the Millennium Gallery til 25 May.
When Mary was held captive in Sheffield, she was placed under the care of George Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury and his wife, Bess of Hardwick. Bess was an accomplished needlewoman and the two women passed time in Sheffield embroidering together.
An 'eape' (ape) by Mary, Queen of Scots and Bess of Hardwick, on loan from the V&A, London. The monkey is embroidered in linen, silk and gold tissue on velvet. It was based on a woodcut from Historiae Animalium (1560) by Conrad Gesner.
Mary, Queen of Scots miniature, painted around 1578-9 by Nicholas Hilliard during Mary's imprisonment at Sheffield Castle. It's not known whether he visited her in captivity. Find out more about Mary via the link on the right. On loan from the V&A.
Mary was imprisoned because she was suspected of plotting against Queen Elizabeth I of England. Eventually a letter from Mary was intercepted, implicating her in the Babington Plot. This shows Babington and his accomplices at St Giles Field, London.
And what of Sheffield Manor Lodge? It fell into disrepair from the 17th century after it had passed into the hands of the Duke of Norfolk. The Manor itself was dismantled in the early 18th century.
The Turret House remains intact though. The Manor Lodge featured in a 2004 BBC series, Restoration and it later received a Heritage Lottery Grant for £1.25 million. It's now managed by Green Estate who plan a 'discovery centre' for the site.
Sheffield University have generated an image of Sheffield Manor in its Elizabethan heyday during Mary Queen of Scotís 14 years of imprisonment in Sheffield from 1570-1584.